Paul - Claiming his Roman Citizenship. Living Water Route Assembly Sept. 2008. Scripture – Acts Chapter 22:22-29.
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Saul, his Hebrew name, means "asked for". (Acts 13:9)
Paul, his apostolic name, means "small" or "little one”
One sister and a nephew (Acts 23:16) .
a tent maker, therefore his father could have worked at the same occupation. (Acts 18:1-3)
Never marriedPaul’s Background - Acts 21:39; 22:3
A thriving city with many things to experience
familiar with the slave markets
saw slaves receiving their "mark" on their foreheads and hands
often used term, bond slave, to illustrate his relationship to Christ
Saw the Roman soldiers in the city
frequently used military illustrations in his writingsPaul’s background
The Jewish mob was incensed
that God’s salvation could be given freely to believing Gentiles.
22 “ And they listened to him until this word, and then they raised their voices and said, “Away with such a fellow from the earth, for he is not fit to live!” Then, as they cried out and tore off their clothes and threw dust into the air.”
offended that Gentiles becoming Christians just as Jews became Christians
implied that Jews and Gentiles were equal, having to come to God on the same terms
Paul was be beaten with a scourge
Men often died or were crippled for life after a scourging.
To be examined under flogging was brutal
but was customary in that time
happened to non- Roman Citizens
. (24) The commander demands an explanation of the riot.The commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, and said that he should be examined under scourging, so that he might know why they shouted so against him.
And Paul said, “But I was born a citizen.”(25-29) Paul reveals his Roman citizenship.
had very limited rights
slaves could be :
raped and killed at the whim of their owners
killing of a slave was a matter of property, not a crime against a human being.
a freed slave, a freedman, was granted a form of full Roman citizenship
all slaves freed by Roman owners automatically received a limited Roman citizenshipSlaves
The sons of freed slaves became full citizens under condition
as a reward for outstanding service to Rome.
One could also buy citizenship, but at a very high price.Methods to obtain Roman citizenship
The right to stand for civil or public office
The right to make legal contracts, and to hold property
The right to sue in the courts and the right to be sued
The right to have a legal trial (to appear before a proper court and to defend oneself).
The right to appeal
A Roman citizen could not be tortured or whipped
nor could he receive the death penalty, unless he was found guilty of treason.Rights of a Roman Citizen
Paul used his citizenship as a means to further his message.
a citizen by birth and used the rights of a citizen to further his apostolic mission.
Paul - an extremely rare individual
educated, intelligent, devout Jew - a Roman citizen
God would use this unique background to use Paul in a special way
God wants to use your unique background to use you in a special way.Paul asserted his rights