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The Challenges in Developing Digital Collections of Phonograph Records Catherine Lai, Ichiro Fujinaga, and Cynthia Leive Music Technology Area, Faculty of Music and Marvin Duchow Music Library McGill University, Montreal, Canada Presentation at JCDL in Denver, Colorado, 10 June 2005

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the challenges in developing digital collections of phonograph records

The Challenges in DevelopingDigital Collections of Phonograph Records

Catherine Lai, Ichiro Fujinaga, and Cynthia Leive

Music Technology Area, Faculty of Music

and

Marvin Duchow Music Library

McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Presentation at JCDL in Denver, Colorado, 10 June 2005

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Creation of Workflow Management System
  • Challenges
  • Future Work

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

slide3

David Edelberg’s Handel LPs

  • Handel phonograph records (LPs) of David Edelberg (1939–89)

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

reasons for digitization
Reasons for Digitization
  • Risk of deterioration
  • Restricted access in archival custody
  • No inter-library loan: barrier to research
  • Technology advancement: user behavior changed
  • Records released before 1955 in public domain

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

research objectives
Research Objectives
  • Create an efficient and economical workflow management system
  • Minimize human intervention
  • Create the ground-truth data

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

overall workflow
Overall Workflow

Hardware acquisition,

installation, and

configuration

Software installation

and development

Copyright and rights

management

Audio track

separation

Metadata schema

design

Analogue-to-digital

(A/D)

audio conversion

Image scanning of

record labels and

packaging

Metadata extraction

Text conversion

Creation of

derivatives

Web site design,

development, and

maintenance

Database design,

implementation, and

maintenance

Review and

evaluation

Imposed challenges

New software and tools in development

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

slide7

Challenges

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

complex rights management
Complex Rights Management
  • Aggregate creation of several parties
  • Dates of LPs not widely indicated before the inclusion of phonogram dates beginning 1976
    • WorldCat, Catalogues by Schwann, Gramophone, and so on.
  • Renewed or extended copyrights can occur

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

metadata schema design
Metadata Schema Design
  • Metadata type
    • Complete auditory, pictorial, and textual content analysis
  • Level of granularity
    • Success of digital preservation efforts rests on the scope and completeness of the metadata recorded

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

vocabulary control
Vocabulary Control
  • Differences in spelling of names
  • Variation in musical work titles
  • Semantic description of image content of artwork
    • Effective search based on image description keywords

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

system evaluation
System Evaluation
  • Effectiveness of the workflow management system
    • Concrete empirical evidence to determine best practices
  • Usability of the initial model of the web delivery system

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

slide12

Future Work

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive

tasks in development
Tasks in Development
  • Automatically separate music tracks
  • Post-processing to optimize quality
  • Automate metadata extraction
  • Automatically link bibliographic records from existing MARC records

Lai, Fujinaga, & Leive