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Challenges of the Digital Revolution. Dr Tim Kelly, Int’l Telecom Union (ITU), International Policy Dialogue on Digital Inclusion, Berlin, 23-24 January 2001.

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slide1

Challenges of the Digital Revolution

Dr Tim Kelly,Int’l Telecom Union (ITU), International Policy Dialogue on Digital Inclusion, Berlin, 23-24 January 2001

The views expressed in this presentation are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the ITU or its membership. Tim Kelly can be contacted by e-mail at: Tim.Kelly@itu.int.

slide2

Challenges of the Digital Revolution

  • Technology and the Development Gap
    • Digital divide = Telecoms divide
    • Changing nature of divide over time
  • Digital divide and poverty reduction: The Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
    • LDCs falling further behind
    • Two “success stories”: Nepal and Uganda
  • World Summit on the Information Society
    • A possible focus for reporting results of a future “digital opportunity” action plan
slide3

Internet

users

Digital divide = Telecoms divide

User distribution, by income group, Jan 2000

490

912

280

6 billion

million

million

million

100%

15 %

High income

90%

58 %

Upper-mid income

80%

70%

Lower-mid income

69 %

60%

82 %

50%

Low income

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

Mobile users

Telephone lines

Popul-ation

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Indicators Database.

the digital divide is shrinking but also shifting

Jan. 1995

Jan. 2000

Share of low and lower-middle income countries in:

Telephone main lines

Mobile subscribers

Estimated Internet Users

18%

28%

5%

14%

1.1%

7.6%

Source: ITU World Telecommunication Indicators Database.

The digital divide is shrinking, but also shifting
ldcs falling further behind share of worldwide internet users
LDCs falling further behind:Share of worldwide Internet Users

10%

LDCsShare of world population = 10.6%Share of Internet users = 0.1%

8%

China

6%

Other low

4%

& lower-

mid

2%

income

0%

LDCs

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

two ldc success stories
Two LDC “success stories”
  • Nepal
    • 16-fold increase in IP connectivity in 8 months following liberalisation of VSAT market in 1999
    • Lowest IP access prices in South Asia
    • Vibrant competition in ISP market
  • Uganda
    • Rapid increase in network growth following introduction of second national operator, MTN Uganda
    • First country in Africa where mobilephone outnumber fixed-line telephones
    • Independent regulatory agency

Source: Internet Diffusion Case Studies at: http://www.itu.int/ti/casestudies

slide7

World Summit on the Info Society, 2003Possible target for reporting on digital divide initiatives?