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Social Engineering: Optimization of Coconut Oil Production for Rural Coconut Farmers Anna Morton Mentor: Dr. Walter Bradley Ibajay, Philippines Sold cheap to China Formed coconut farmers co-op Increased earnings 300% Copra 357 g/nut 50% water 33% oil 17% meal Coconut Oil

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social engineering optimization of coconut oil production for rural coconut farmers

Social Engineering: Optimization of Coconut Oil Production for Rural Coconut Farmers

Anna Morton

Mentor: Dr. Walter Bradley

ibajay philippines
Ibajay, Philippines
  • Sold cheap to China
  • Formed coconut farmers co-op
  • Increased earnings 300%
copra
Copra

357 g/nut

50% water 33% oil 17% meal

coconut oil
Coconut Oil
  • 100 mL per nut
  • Solid at 76°F, smokes at 350°F
  • >2 yr Shelf life
  • 90% Saturated fat
    • World Health Organization
    • Harvard Medical School
large scale oil production
Large Scale Oil Production
  • Reduced quality
    • Delayed processing
    • High process temperatures
    • Bleaching and deodorizing
  • Exploitive
village level oil production
Empowering

Good quality

Sustainable

Dry:

Cooking oil $1.25

Village Level Oil Production

Wet:

VCO $11

slide7
Dry

Drying

  • Temperature
  • Time
  • Fuel
    • Make charcoal
slide8
Dry

Grinding

  • Preheat temperature
  • Energy
slide9
Dry

Pressing

  • Water content
  • Energy
  • Settling time
slide10
Wet

Grinding

slide11
Wet

Pressing

  • Press type
slide12
Wet

Phase Separation

  • Temperature
  • Time
  • Mold
  • Water content
research questions
Research Questions
  • Which process yields the most oil?
  • How long does each process take?
  • How does the oil quality compare?
    • Smell
    • Color
    • Hydration
  • How much energy is used?
    • Labor
    • Fuel
human element
Human Element
  • Cultural practices
  • Labor requirement
  • Worker safety
  • Gender roles
summary
Summary
  • Motivation:

Increase coconut farmers' income

  • Solution:

Village level oil production

  • Question:

Wet vs. dry process

references
References
  • http://www.kokonutpacific.com.au/
  • Foale, Mike, “the cocont odyssey: the bounteous possibilties of the tree of life” Australian center of international agricultureal research
  • Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation on Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: report of a joint WHO/FAO expert consultationISBN 92-4-120916-X ISSN 0512-3054
  • Berkley School of Public Health, “Wellness Newsletter” Vol. 22 Issue 10
  • Harvard Medical School, “Harvard Health Letter” Vol. 32 Issue 11