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Picasso and Braque Synthetic Cubism. 1912 – 1920s. To synthesize means to integrate two or more pre-existing elements which results in a new creation. Purpose: To Depict a Vision of Modern Urban Life.

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picasso and braque synthetic cubism
Picasso and Braque

Synthetic Cubism

1912 – 1920s

to synthesize means to integrate two or more pre existing elements which results in a new creation
To synthesize means to integrate two or more pre-existing elements which results in a new creation.
purpose to depict a vision of modern urban life
Purpose: To Depict a Vision of Modern Urban Life
  • by bringing together familiar scraps and unfamiliar forms in order to give shape to a particular sense of urban life on the eve of WWI
  • by exploring the individual experiences associated with public spaces and urban recreation
  • by using the language of publicity and commerce in an ambiguous manner to suggest a multiplicity of contradictory meanings, especially through puns
  • by capturing the new sense of simultaneity of diverse experiences-the fusion of objects, people, machines, noises, light, smells, etc.
slide4

Pablo Picasso before The

Aficionado (summer-autumn

1912).

slide5

Pablo Picasso. Man with a

Violin (spring 1912).

Oil on canvas.

slide6

Place Saint-André-des-Arts,

Paris (1903-04).

The photographer Eugène Atget

captures the excitement and

apparent randomness of the

information environment of the

modern city.

Paris street, 1906.

slide11

Pablo Picasso. Violin,

Wineglasses, Pipe, and

Anchor (May 1912).

Oil on canvas.

slide13

Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Chair Caning (May 1912). Collage of oil, oilcloth, and pasted paper on canvas.

collage

Collage

Noun from the French verb coller: to glue

characteristics
Characteristics
  • A new relationship is enacted between “low” culture (mass culture) and “high” culture (professional art).
  • This relationship is felt to be inappropriate, jarring, or wrong—yet interestingly so.
  • The end result is irreverence, paradox, and perplexity.
slide16

Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Chair Caning (May 1912). Collage of oil, oilcloth, and pasted paper on canvas.

slide17

Pablo Picasso. The Scallop Shell “Notre Avenir est dans l’air” (May 1912). Oil on canvas.

slide18

Cover of Nôtre Avenir est dans l’air, a brochure imploring

France to improve its aviation. Braque and Picasso were

using the slogan ironically, as to imply that France’s future was “in the air”.

slide19

Georges Braque. The Clarinet

(spring-late summer 1912).

Oil on canvas.

slide20

Pablo Picasso. The Poet

(August 1911).

Oil on canvas.

Pablo Picasso. The Poet (summer1912). Oil on canvas.

slide21

This fan sits in front of a

Spanish guitar and clutches a

banderilla. His refined tastes

are presented through his stiff

collar, top hat, and the newspaper

Le Torero, as well as by the

bottle of manzanilla sherry to his

left.

Pablo Picasso. The Aficionado

(summer 1912). Oil on canvas.

slide22

Pablo Picasso. Maquette

for Guitar (October 1912).

Construction of cardboard,

string, and wire (restored).

slide23

Pablo Picasso. Guitar and Sheet Music (October-

November 1912). Pasted paper, pastel, and charcoal.

slide24

Le Journal, November 18, 1912, p. 1

Pablo Picasso. Guitar, Sheet

Music, and Glass (after

November 18, 1912). Pasted

paper, gouache, and charcoal.

slide25

This collage evokes a café, with its cheap wallpaper and humble guitar, where people would go to listen to music, read newspapers, and discuss the news of the day.

Pablo Picasso. Guitar, Sheet

Music, and Glass (after

November 18, 1912). Pasted

paper, gouache, and charcoal.

slide26

The subject evoked in the collage

is the debating of political issues

with friends in a public place.

Pablo Picasso. Glass and

Bottle of Suze (after

November 18, 1912).

Pasted paper, gouache,

and charcoal.

slide27

Pablo Picasso. Guitars

(spring 1913). Ink.

slide28

Pablo Picasso. Guitar

(December 3, 1912).

Paper construction.

slide29

Pablo Picasso. Guitar (winter

1912-13). Construction of sheet

metal, string, and wire.

slide30

Pablo Picasso. Bowl with

Fruit, Violin, and Wineglass

(after December 2, 1912;

completed after January 21,

1913). Pasted paper, water-

color, chalk, oil, and charcoal

on cardboard.

slide31

Pablo Picasso. Gas Jet and

Guitar (winter 1912-13).

Gouache and charcoal.

slide34

This is a parody of the female’s dual role as a consumer and as “goods for sale”. A pasted lid from the lingerie department of the store Au Bon Marché combines with decorative wallpaper, glass on the right, a decanter on the left, and an ad from the department store Samaritaine. Picasso cuts the ad to focus on a modern woman, with her modern hair cut and her gesture of vanity. A number of elements cut off from their context in the newspaper are combined to suggest her availability: the price “2.85” and the words above “Method of Payment”, “Massage” and “Trou Ici”— meaning “hole here”.

slide35

Construction mounted

in Picasso’s Studio at 5 bis,

rue Scheolcher, early 1913,

including cardboard

maquette for Guitar.

Photographed by the artist.

Construction no longer extant.

slide36

Pablo Picasso. Man with a Guitar

(spring 1913). Ripolin (shiny

enamel house paint) on canvas.

slide37

Georges Braque. Violin and

Glass (spring 1913). Oil,

charcoal, and pencil on canvas.

slide40

Pablo Picasso. Head of a Man

With a Moustache (after

May 6, 1913). Charcoal and ink on newspaper.

slide41

Pablo Picasso. Head (May-

June 1913). Pasted paper,

charcoal, and pencil

on cardboard.

slide42

Pablo Picasso. Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar,

and Newspaper (spring 1913). Pasted paper and ink.

slide43

Georges Braque. Clarinet (summer 1913). Pasted

paper, oil, charcoal, chalk, and pencil on canvas.

slide44

Pablo Picasso. Mandolin

and Clarinet (autumn 1913).

Construction of painted

wood with pencil marks.

slide45

Georges Braque. Woman with

a Guitar (autumn 1913). Oil

and charcoal on canvas.

slide46

Pablo Picasso. Card Player (winter

1913-14). Ripolin paint on canvas.

slide47

Georges Braque. Violin and Pipe “Le Quotidien” (after December 20, 1913). Chalk, charcoal, and pasted paper.

slide48

Georges Braque. Glass and Bottle (winter

1913-14). Charcoal and pasted paper.

slide50

Georges Braque. Glass, Bottle,

and Newspaper (after January

15, 1914). Pasted paper.

slide51

Pablo Picasso. Still Life (early 1914). Construction

of painted wood with upholstery fringe.

slide52

Pablo Picasso.

Glass and Dice

(early 1914).

Construction of

painted wood.

slide53

Pablo Picasso.

Glass, Newspaper, and Dice

(spring 1914).

Construction of painted

wood and tin.

slide54

Pablo Picasso. Glass, Dice and Newspaper

(spring 1914). Construction of painted wood and tin.

slide55

Pablo Picasso. Glass

(spring 1914).

Construction of

painted tin.

slide56

Pablo Picasso. Bottle of

Bass, Glass, and Newspaper

(spring 1914). Construction

of painted tin.

slide57

Pablo Picasso. Glass of

Absinth (spring 1914).

Painted bronze with

sand and perforated

absinth spoon.

slide58

Pablo Picasso. Smoker

(spring 1914). Oil and pasted

paper on canvas.

slide59

Georges Braque. Man with

a Guitar (spring 1914). Oil

and sand on canvas.

slide60

Pablo Picasso. Man with a Mask,

Playing a Guitar (summer 1914).

Pencil.

slide61

Pablo Picasso.

Bearded Man Playing a Guitar (summer 1914).

Pencil and gouache.

slide62

Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Cards, Glasses,

and a Bottle of Rum “Vive la France” (summer

1914). Ripolin paint and sand on canvas.

slide64

Pablo Picasso.

Portrait of a Girl

(summer 1914).

Ripolin paint on canvas.

slide65

Pablo Picasso. Man with a

Pipe (1915). Ripolin paint

on canvas.

slide66

Pablo Picasso. Harlequin

(fall-winter 1915).

Ripolin paint on canvas.

slide68

Pablo Picasso.

Three Musicians (1921). Oil on canvas.