PABLO PICASSO(1881 – 1973) Picasso was the most famous living artist. He was born in Spain. He lived to the age of 92. He worked mostly in France. He showed exceptional diversity in his work. He was a painter, graphic artist, sculptor, stage set designer and much more. Picasso’s career was a patchwork of different art styles.
CUBISM (1906 – 1915) Self – Portrait (1907) He created an art style called ‘Cubism’ around 1907. He simplified form. Presenting reality as composition of shapes. Stripped it down to essentials. Broke it down into blocks of color. These artists were called ‘Cubists’. He experimented painting portraits, still life, landscapes and sculpture in this art style.
Three women (1908) He tried to break up the visual world into blocks of color – squares, triangles, cubes, cones etc. Restructured the subject into angular planes. Key element of his style – Cubist geometry was his own creation. This marked the real beginning of Abstract art.
Friendship (1908) He placed his outlines and areas of color boldly, making no attempt to flesh out an appearance of a living person. He was stylizing it into something that was less and less naturalistic. His new approach put an end to the traditional scheme of foreground, middle ground and background and the demarcation of subject and setting.
CUBISM - Portrait Head of a man (1907) Head of a woman (1907)
CUBISM - Portrait Woman with a fan (1909) Queen Isabella (1908)
CUBISM - Portrait Farm woman (1908) Farm woman (1908)
CUBISM - Portrait Head and shoulders of a man (1909) Woman Mandolin (1909)
CUBISM – Still Life Green pan and black bottle (1908) Pitcher and bowls (1908)
CUBISM – Still Life Fruit in a vase (1909) Bread, fruit and table (1908)
CUBISM – Still Life Wine glasses and fruit (1908) Fish and bottles (1908)
CUBISM - Landscape House in the garden (1908) House and trees (1908)
ANALYTICAL CUBISM Portrait of Ambroise Vollard (1910) The image is dissected or analyzed Lines continued at random Shows the artist’s skill with playing with the natural image Picture surface resembling fractured glass ‘Analytical Cubism’ was called the first phase of ‘Cubism’.
SYNTHETIC CUBISM (COLLAGE CUBISM) Still Life with Chair Cane (1912) In 1912 Picasso and a few other artists composed Still life with cut scraps of material. They were the first serious artists to use collage in their work. They incorporated printed text, musical scores, wallpaper, chair caning etc. Collage became a widely used technique since then. Guitar (1913) Charcoal, pencil, ink and pasted paper
Pablo Picasso (1962) Picasso constantly changed his style during his long life. At each phase he opened up new paths which other artists followed. For him ‘CUBISM’ ended with world war I in 1914. He continued to experiment with many other art styles until the age of 92.