Gender and Global Governance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gender and Global Governance

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  1. Gender and Global Governance

  2. Women in Global Governance • Few National Leaders are women; At least 30 women national leaders from 1980-present • Foreign policy tends to be male dominated • Women international leaders in areas of health, human rights (Gro Harlem Brundtland, Mary Robinson) • Those who have been national leaders, have not been more pacific: Thatcher, Meir, Bhutto, Aquino, etc • International Organizations: UN: About 40% of high-level positions; 6 of 37 Undersecretary Generals (16%) • MNCs: International business is still male-dominated (e.g: 1.4% of Fortune 500 CEOs are women) • Global civil society- NGOs, Social Movements • Women are influential actors in civil society

  3. Gender and Global Governance • Masculinity and International Politics • Do ideas about masculinity and femininity affect the likelihood of going to war? Do they affect leader’s decision making processes, need to prove themselves as masculine? • Bush v. Kerry • Thatcher in Falklands • Global Economy, Sex Trade and Traffic in Women- • Related to war-making in international society • Related to international economy- sex tourism • Domestic politics linked to international politics: Global gag rule; Opposition to US troops in Japan, Saudi Arabia for reasons of gender, gender roles

  4. Women’s Transnational Organizing • Global movement history • 1915 1,000 women met, the Hague, WILPF • 1975 Mexico City- First big intergovernmental conference on women’s status • 1980- Copenhagen; 1985 Nairobi • 1990s a series of conferences- 1993 HRights; 1994 Cairo • 1995 Beijing: FWCW (Fourth World Conference for Women • 1999 Optional Protocol to CEDAW