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Engaging Boys and Men in RH: A Gender Transformative Approach . Theresa Castillo Gabi Hecker Kent Klindera Manisha Mehta The ACQUIRE Project New York, New York . Session Agenda. Overview of Men As Partners ® Model/Frameworks – Manisha Interactive Session from Group Education Manual –

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engaging boys and men in rh a gender transformative approach

Engaging Boys and Men in RH: A Gender Transformative Approach

Theresa Castillo

Gabi Hecker

Kent Klindera

Manisha Mehta

The ACQUIRE Project New York, New York

session agenda
Session Agenda
  • Overview of Men As Partners ® Model/Frameworks –

Manisha

  • Interactive Session from Group Education Manual –

Gabi and Theresa

  • Applications/Results – Kent
  • Lessons Learned – Manisha
  • Questions and Answers
transformative programs challenging male gender norms
Transformative Programs:Challenging Male Gender Norms
  • Approaches that reinforce negative messages about gender
  • Gender-neutral programming
  • Gender-adaptive programming
  • Transformative programs

Adapted from Gupta, SIECUS Report, Vol.26, No.5, 2001

men as partners working with men in a gender framework
Men as Partners: Working with Men in a Gender Framework

Men as Clients

Men as Agents of Change

Men as

Supportive Partners

the spectrum of change implementing an ecological model
Strengthening Individual Knowledge & Skills

Facilitating Peer & Family Support

Mobilizing Communities

Supporting Health Care Providers

Changing and Supporting Organizational Practices

Fostering Coalitions and Networks

Influencing Policy and Legislation

The Spectrum of Change:Implementing an Ecological Model
group education sample session

Group Education Sample Session

Engaging Boys and Men in RH: A Gender Transformative Approach

The ACQUIRE Project New York, New York

applications results

Applications/Results

Engaging Boys and Men in RH: A Gender Transformative Approach

The ACQUIRE Project New York, New York

nigeria iud revitalization
Nigeria – IUD Revitalization

Project Overview (2006-2007):

  • MAQ/IUD Project in partnership with COMPASS/Nigeria
  • Participatory needs assessment recognized need for more male support of IUD/contraceptives in general
  • Conducted workshops with leaders from Community Coalitions on male involvement in the promotion and acceptance of IUD as a family planning method
  • Conducted workshops with staff from FP clinics on male-friendly services, men as clients/supportive partners
nigeria iud revitalization1
Nigeria – IUD Revitalization

Results

  • Service statistics from pilot sites in Lagos and Kano showed IUD uptake has increased, especially compared with other sites in Nigeria where MAP activities were not conducted
  • Motivated community-based partners to infuse MAP into SRH life skills education
  • Sustained involvement of men in COMPASS community coalitions
  • Created demand for male involvement in fistula care and prevention programs

IUD uptake 2005-7

nepal young marrieds
Nepal – Young Marrieds

Project Overview (2005-2007):

  • Trained married adolescents as peer educators to provide RH information by organizing individual and group educational events
  • Created an enabling environment for married adolescents by working with influential family and community members to raise awareness of adolescent health needs and rights
  • Supported local health facilities to provide youth-friendly services
nepal young marrieds1
Nepal – Young Marrieds

Results

  • Overall, the mean number of ANC visits increased from 2.7 to 3.7 visits
  • Median age at marriage increased significantly from 14 to 16 years; Median age at gauna rose from 15 to 16 years. Results indicate an increasing trend to postpone marriage & gauna in the project districts, and to arrange marriage & gauna ceremonies at the same time
  • Peer educators established child marriage eradication committees (CMECs) in 33 districts with support from local leaders and organizations. To institutionalize efforts, the project, in collaboration with 22 organizations, organized a child marriage and dowry system eradication conference in 2007 where they developed an advocacy agenda
south africa hiv gender based violence
South Africa – HIV/Gender-based Violence

Project Overview (October 2005-present):

  • Focusing on HIV and gender-based violence via Ecological Model
  • Building capacity national and community-based NGOs and government to develop gender transformative programming
  • Working with various populations (South African Police Services, university students, performing/visual artists; secondary school students, community leaders, faith-community members, home-based care organizations; advocacy groups, among others)
  • PEPFAR Programme areas including:

- AB/OP prevention

- Male-friendly VCT

- HIV Palliative Care

  • Engaging Media Practitioners/Celebrities
south africa hiv gender based violence1
South Africa – HIV/Gender-Based Violence

Results – PEPFAR Indicators:

  • 387,079 reached with AB/OP prevention messages
  • 5623 tested (since March 2008 - majority male)
  • 2797 provided HIV palliative care
  • 6030 trained in Prevention, Male-friendly HIV Services
  • Over 10 million reached via mass media
south africa hiv gender based violence2
South Africa – HIV/Gender-Based Violence

Results:

  • 32 community-based and national NGOs, and government partners; concept of “Transformation Agents”
  • 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence –SA Million Men’s March(2007), MAP Pledge adopted by Postal Services – linked to Orange Wristbands disseminated
  • “Sisonke” Campaign – Launch in August (Women’s Month) with celebrity men showing commitment to women by getting tested
  • Evaluation Study (secondary school students)
south africa hiv gender based violence3
South Africa – HIV/Gender-Based Violence

N=139 ; Project and Evaluation Research Services, 2003

south africa hiv gender based violence4
South Africa – HIV/Gender-Based Violence

“I used to use the Bible to defend patriarchy. I now use it to challenge gender stereotypes.”

Male MAP Participant and Church Leader, Umtata, South Africa

“It was the first time I felt respected by men in my life, the first time I’ve felt like men really listened to what I had to say. I now believe that there are good men out there.”

Female MAP workshop Participant

Thokoza, South Africa

south africa hiv gender based violence5
South Africa – HIV/Gender-Based Violence

Strength & I am a Partner Campaigns

gender norms initiative
Gender Norms Initiative

Program Overview (June 2007 – present)

HIV and AIDS focus:

  • Field Support for male gender norms initiative Ethiopia, Namibia, Mozambique and Tanzania
  • To integrate evidence-based program models and practices into HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment programs to achieve large-scale, positive change in male norms, roles, and behaviors
gender norms initiative1
Gender Norms Initiative

Programme Objectives:

  • Technical assistance and training: To ensure integration and application of evidence-based approaches and to support program innovation with PEPFAR partners
  • Strategic planning assistance: For development of a “national response”- to achieve a more comprehensive and coordinated approach to changing male norms and behaviors
  • Evaluation: Of program scale-up and changes in norms and individual behavior
gender norms initiative2
Gender Norms Initiative

Results - PEPFAR Indicators:

  • Provide training (3-5 days) and ongoing capacity- building assistance to 58 NGO PEPFAR partners in the four countries
  • 1656 Individuals Trained in ME group education
  • 150 individuals trained in ME community mobilization
  • 161 individuals trained in male-friendly services
gender norms initiative3
Gender Norms Initiative

Types of technical and capacity-building assistance:

  • Program Design
  • Implementation
  • Strategic Planning
  • Needs Assessment
  • Curriculum Development and Review
  • IEC Development
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Training in Group Education, Community Mobilization and Service Delivery
  • Policy Review and Assessment
  • Advocacy
  • Networking
gender norms initiative4
Gender Norms Initiative

Results:

  • Impact evaluations being conducted in Ethiopia and Namibia
  • Development of Community Action Teams (CATs) at local level
  • Response from faith-based groups to develop manuals
  • Collaborations with U.S. Peace Corps
  • Engagement of Men in “PPTCT”
  • Development of MenEngage Networks (e.g. National Response)
  • High level support for the initiative (Namibia Men’s Conference; Tanzania Policy Review)
lessons learned

Lessons Learned

Engaging Boys and Men in RH: A Gender Transformative Approach

The ACQUIRE Project New York, New York

lessons learned1
Lessons Learned
  • Transformative programming & capacity building requires significant time, effort, and support
  • Quality oversight needs to be built in when scaling-up
  • Linkages between partners critical but sometimes difficult
  • Need to work with men addressing broader socio-economic conditions.
lessons learned2
Lessons Learned
  • Present men as potential partners capable of playing a positive role in the health and well being of their partners, families and communities
  • Build organizational cultures that are committed to working with men and gender equity
  • Activities have to focus on more than individual change