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Chromosomes and DNA Replication . Section 12–2 This section describes how DNA is packaged to form chromosomes. It also tells how the cell duplicates its DNA before cell division. Circle the letter of the location of DNA in prokaryotic cells. a. nucleus b. mitochondria c. cytoplasm

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chromosomes and dna replication

Chromosomes and DNA Replication

Section 12–2

This section describes how DNA is packaged to form chromosomes. It also tells how the cell duplicates its DNA before cell division

circle the letter of the location of dna in prokaryotic cells
Circle the letter of the location of DNA in prokaryotic cells.
  • a. nucleus
  • b. mitochondria
  • c. cytoplasm
  • d. vacuole
dna prokaryotes
DNA PROKARYOTES
  • Is the following sentence true or false?
  • Most prokaryotes contain a single, circular DNA molecule.
  • True
dna eukaryotes
DNA EUKARYOTES
  • Eurkaryotic DNA is generally located in the cell_____ in the form of a number of chromosomes.
  • Nucleus
is the following sentence true or false
Is the following sentence true or false?
  • All organisms have the same number of chromosomes.
  • False
is the following sentence true or false6
Is the following sentence true or false?
  • The E. coli chromosome is longer than the diameter of an individual E. coli bacterium.
  • True
chromosome form
Chromosome Form
  • Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about chromosome structure.
    • A human cell contains more than 1 meter of DNA.
    • The DNA of the smallest human chromosome is nearly 10 times as long as many bacterial chromosomes.
chromatin
Chromatin

Eukaryotic chromosomes contain both DNA and protein, packed together to form____.

Chromatin

what are histones
What are histones?

Histones are proteins around which DNA is tightly coiled.

why are individual chromosomes visible only during mitosis
Why are individual chromosomes visible only during mitosis?
  • The fibers formed from nucleosomes packing together are dispersed in the nucleus during most of the cell cycle.
is the following sentence true or false11
Is the following sentence true or false?
  • Changes in chromatin structure and histone - DNA binding are associated with changes in gene activity.
  • TRUE
what do nucleosomes do
What do nucleosomes do?
  • They fold enormous lengths of DNA into the cell nucleus.
dna replication
DNA Replication
  • What occurs during the process of replication?
  • The cell duplicates its DNA in a copyingprocess.
complete the flowchart to describe the process of dna replication
Complete the flowchart to describe the process of DNA replication.
  • The DNA molecule separates , or unzips, into two strands.
  • Each strand serves as a(an) template , or model, to produce the new strands.
  • Two new complementary strands are produced, following the rule base pairing .
is the following sentence true or false15
Is the following sentence true or false?
  • In eukaryotic chromosomes, DNA replication begins at a single point in the chromosome and proceeds in two directions.
  • False
replication forks
REPLICATION FORKS
  • The sites where DNA replication and separation occur are called .
  • REPLICATION FORKS
dna replication17
DNA REPLICATION
  • What occurs when a molecule of DNA is “unzipped”?
  • The hydrogen bonds between thebase pairs are broken, and the two strands of the molecule unwind.
complementary dna
COMPLEMENTARY DNA
  • What is the complementary strand of bases for a strand with the bases TACGTT?
  • The complementary strand is ATGCAA.
slide19
Is the following sentence true or false?
  • Each DNA molecule resulting from replication has one original strand and one new strand.
  • TRUE
dna replication20
DNA REPLICATION
  • List two major roles of DNA polymerase in the process of DNA replication.
  • It polymerizes individual nucleotides to produce DNA.
  • It “proofreads” each new DNA strand.
level of organization for dna
LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION FOR DNA
  • DNA
  • histones
  • nucleosomes
  • coils
  • supercoils
  • chromosome