Association of Academic Dermatologic Surgeons Content Review date: August 27, 2012 Originally Submitted: September 15, 2007. How to Write a Paper. Timothy M. Johnson MD Lewis and Lillian Becker Professor University of Michigan. I have No COI-no relevant relationships with industry.
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Content Review date: August 27, 2012
Originally Submitted: September 15, 2007
How to Write a Paper
Timothy M. Johnson MD
Lewis and Lillian Becker Professor University of Michigan
I have No COI-no relevant relationships with industry
Disclaimer:My Perspective.Everyone is different. These are just guidelines and pearls that I have found useful.
Benefits often greater to author than reader
Trial (RCT) Double Blind
“The only way to learn to write is to write”--Peggy Teeters
4. Research, involving the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, pathological specimens, or diagnostic specimens, if these sources are publicly available or if the information is recorded by the investigator in such a manner that subjects cannot be identified, directly or through identifiers linked to the subjects.
There are three kinds of lies:
lies, damned lies, and statistics.
In God we trust All others must bring data.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN?
WHAT IS THE QUESTION/OBJECTIVE?
Brief background-establish context, relevance, nature of the problem/question/purpose
Importance of the problem and unresolved issues
Rationale: state hypothesis/main objective/purpose
What we know?
What we don’t know?
Why we did the study?
What works for me?
* International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
Active voice: the subject is performing the verb
Passive voice: the subject receives the action expressed in the verb
Passive (more wordy) Active (more concise)
Active:Scientists have conducted experiments to test the hypothesis
Passive:Experiments have been conducted by scientists to test the hypothesis
“Those who have the most to say usually say it with the fewest words”
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Editors and reviewers spend hours reading manuscripts, and greatly appreciate receiving papers that are easy to read and edit!
The Review Process
If at first you don’t succeed, you’re about average!
Listen to your reviewers
-disappointing at best
A journey of a thousand miles sometimes ends very, very badly
The best scientists get rejected and have to make major revisions
Your manuscript is both good and original, but the part that is good is not original, and the part that is original is not good.
Honest criticism is hard to take, particularly from a relative, a friend, an acquaintance, or a stranger.
At least 50% of initially rejected articles are eventually published somewhere else!
Become a Better Writer
Professor Trisha Greenhalgh:
"How to Read a Paper" Series--BMJ
Introduction to Evidence Based Medicine: Critical Appraisal and Informed Medical practice
Introduction to Clinical Medicine - Professional Skills January 2005
Professor Trisha Greenhalgh(University College London)
"How to Read a Paper" Series
Getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about). BMJ 1997;315:243-6.
Assessing the methodological quality of published papers. BMJ 1997;315:305-8.
Statistics for the non-statistician. II: "Significant" relations and their pitfalls. BMJ 1997; 315: 422-425.
Statistics for the non-statistician. I: Different types of data need different statistical tests. BMJ 1997;315:364-6.
Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research). BMJ 1997;315:740-3.
Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses). BMJ 1997;315:672-5.
Papers that tell you what things cost (economic analyses). BMJ. 1997;315:596-9.
Papers that report diagnostic or screening tests. BMJ 1997;315:540-3.
Papers that report drug trials. BMJ 1997;315:480-3.