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How to Write a Paper. Carl Che 2002.9. Outline. Introduction Steps to Write a Paper Market Concept Embodiment Details Bibliographies. Introduction. Guidance in Writing a Paper Just Frame (Mike Ashby) Not Content (Hang Li) Not Publication (Ya-Qin Zhang) What’s Good Written Papers?

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how to write a paper

How to Write a Paper

Carl Che

2002.9

outline
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Steps to Write a Paper
    • Market
    • Concept
    • Embodiment
    • Details
  • Bibliographies
introduction
Introduction
  • Guidance in Writing a Paper
    • Just Frame (Mike Ashby)
    • Not Content (Hang Li)
    • Not Publication (Ya-Qin Zhang)
  • What’s Good Written Papers?
    • Readable, Remembered, Cited
  • Wanna Write Something
outline1
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Steps to Write a Paper
    • Market
    • Concept
    • Embodiment
    • Details
  • Bibliographies
market
Market
  • Market is Readers!
  • Thesis
    • Examiners – Details of All Research
  • Paper
    • Skilled Referees – Check
    • Scientifically-literate Public – Extract Information
  • Research Proposal
    • Funding Agency – Judge
  • Popular article
    • Intelligent but Un-informed Public
concept
Concept
  • Making Concept-Sheet (Slides)
  • Structure Thinking
  • Freedom of thought
  • Range over Entire Paper
  • De-focus – Forget Details
  • The most satisfying Step of Writing
embodiment first draft
Embodiment – First Draft
  • Do it in Any Order
    • Title
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Method
    • Result
    • Discussion
    • Conclusion
    • Figures
how to read a paper
How to Read a Paper
  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Conclusion
  • Figures
  • And Move on
title
Title
  • Meaningful and Brief
  • Consists of Keywords
  • Avoid Using Abbreviation
abstract
Abstract
  • Try for One Sentence each on:
    • Motive
    • Method
    • Key Results
    • Conclusions
  • Don’t exceed 3 sentences on Anyone
  • Whether to Read on
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Most important results
  • List any reservations or limitations
  • Don’t duplicate the Abstract
  • Summing up of the advances
  • Bullet-Pointed List
figures
Figures
  • Reproduced or imitated by others
  • Self-Contained
    • Title
    • Labeled Axes
    • Defined Units
introduction1
Introduction
  • What’s the problem and why’s it interesting?
  • Who are the main contributors?
  • What did they do?
  • What novel thing will you reveal?
  • State you will do a new thing!
method
Method
  • Easy to write
  • Allow to be repeated by someone else
  • But no more
  • Keep results for the next section
results
Results
  • Easy to write, too
  • Present the Output
  • Concise and Meaningful
  • Don’t mix with Discussion
discussion
Discussion
  • Extract Principles, Relationships, Generalizations
  • Present Analysis, Model or Theory
  • Show relationship between the results and analysis, model or theory
  • Clear and Concise
details
Details
  • Grammar
  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Style
style
Style
  • Be Clear
  • Write from an appropriate design
  • Define everything
  • Avoid empty words
  • Revise and rewrite
  • Do not overstate, over-emphasize or apologize
style cont
Style (Cont.)
  • Avoid being patronizing, condescending or eccentric
  • Use appropriate language
  • Good first sentence
  • Seek helpful examples and analogies
  • Linking
  • Observe good writing
  • Finally…
outline2
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Steps to Write a Paper
    • Market
    • Concept
    • Embodiment
    • Details
  • Bibliographies
bibliographies
Bibliographies
  • How to Write a Paper
    • Mike Ashby
  • Some Notes on English Technical Writing
    • Hang Li
  • How to Publish a (good) Paper?
    • Ya-Qin Zhang
  • Efficient Reading of Papers in Science and Thchnology
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