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“HOW TO WRITE A PAPER”. General Format of Paper. Assignments/Term Papers should be typed or computer printed. Use A4 paper size. Do not use other colours or size. Use best quality paper. Submit an original typed/computer printed materials, not a photocopy.

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how to write a paper
“HOW TO WRITE A PAPER”

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

general format of paper

General Format of Paper

Assignments/Term Papers should be typed or computer printed.

Use A4 paper size.

Do not use other colours or size.

Use best quality paper.

Submit an original typed/computer printed materials, not a photocopy.

Double-spaced in 12-point word font.

Choose a font which is easy to read.

No scripts or stylized fonts.

Page numbered.

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

title page
Title Page
  • Title of the paper
  • Name of the writer
  • Course name, section number and instructor
  • College or university
  • Date

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

abstract
Abstract
  • Brief summary of paper written primarly to allow potentional readers to know the paper’s subject matter to see if the paper contains information of sufficient interest for them to read the paper.
  • An abstract should be written in one paragraph including the objective, methods and findings.

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

executive summary
Executive Summary
  • A paper will have either an abstract or an executive summary.
  • Executive summary is more detailed than the abstract.
  • It summarizes the content of the paper in details.

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Contains the titles of major divisions & subdivisions included in the paper in the order which they appear with their page numbers.
  • Table of contents is a must in books, thesis and reports.
  • In student papers, table of contents should be included.

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

list of tables and figures
List of Tables and Figures
  • Contains titles of the tables/figures included in the paper in the order which they appear with their page numbers.

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

text step 1
Text- Step 1
  • Ask your instructor for the number of pages required for the paper.
  • You have to begin with an “Introduction” after Table of Contents. Introduction should include the following subheadings:
    • the importance of the topic
    • objectives of the topic
    • methods and data

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

text step 2
Text- Step 2
  • After the introduction, you can write your body in the order of the table of contents list that you write at the beginning.
  • Your paper should include maximum three levels of part headings. For example:

PART 1. The Scope of CRM (Customer Relationship Management)

1.1. Definitions of CRM

1.2. Types of CRM

PART 2. CRM Applications

2.1. Models of CRM Applications

PART 3. CRM Applications of Automobile Industry in Turkey and A

Case Study for Tofaş Company

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

text step 3
Text- Step 3
  • Tables:The reader should understand the table without reading the text. The source of the information in the table should be shown immediately below the table.
  • Charts and Graphs: They are included in the body of the paper but if there are too many charts that will disturb the reader you can put them in the appendices.

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

text step 4
Text- Step 4
  • At the end of the paper, you have to write a “Conclusion”.
  • Conclusion should include the following subheadings:
    • The results of the paper
    • Critical assessments

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

references
References
  • Citing from books:

Drucker P., Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Practice and Principles, London, Heinemann, 1985.

  • Citing from periodicals, journals, magazines, newspapers and articles:

Drucker P., “The Discipline of Innovation”, Cambridge, Harvard Business Review, Harvard Business School Press, 1991.

  • Citing from internet:

Bilim ve Teknolojileri Stratejileri, Vizyon 2023,

<http://vizyon2023.tubitak.gov.tr/>, (2003).

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

references1
References
  • Direct quotes must always be credited.
  • Microsoft Word provides a facility to write the references easily by using “footnote statement” which is under insert menu.
    • Click insert,
    • Click reference,
    • Then click footnote.

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

appendix
Appendix
  • Appendices are reference materials provided for the convenience of the reader at the back of the paper, after the text.
  • In the appendix, you can give additional information. It may include maps, charts, tables and selected documents.
  • If there are more than one material in the appendix, then write as a title like:
    • Appendix 1
    • Appendix 2

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr

slide15
Table of Contents

Abstract

  • Introduction
  • General Overview of the Industry
  • Structure
  • Conduct
  • Performance

6. Conclusion

References

Appendices

Uzm. Aslı Tuncay atuncay@isikun.edu.tr