Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion (1830-1845) J.A.SACCO
Manifest Destiny had an immense impact on theexpansion of the U.S. . Texas Caused the start of the Mexican War and gained the SW of the U.S.. Oregon California “Manifest Destiny” Conestoga Wagon
Why Oregon? Manifest Destiny- Propaganda of expansionist like Hall J. Kelley who organized a society for the settlement of Oregon. Missionaries- Marcus/Narcissa Whitman reports of climate/soil suitable for farming Oregon Trail would eventually make the journey possible Foreclosure of farms because of the Panic of 1837 “Onward to Oregon”
Early Settlement of the West The first Americans attracted to the west were Mountain MenlikeJedediah Smithwho blazed trails across the Sierra Nevada into California. The Mountain Men crossed the Rockies seeking beaver pelts. They established fur trading routeslater followed by wagon trains of settlers. Established the “rendezvous system” to trade their goods.
Early Settlement of the West During the 1840s, 20,000 Americans migrated to Oregon, Utah, and Californiaby covered wagon. In 1836, the missionaries Marcus and Narcissa Whitmanestablished a fur trading post on what became the Oregon Trail. Many were attracted to Oregon’s Willamette Valley. In 1842, John C. Freemontled an expedition following trails blazed by the Whitmans and the Mountain Men. His reports attracted settlers.
Overland Immigration to the West • Between 1840 and 1860, more than250,000 people made the trekwestward. • Would later lead to problems with the Cayuse Indians in Oregon
The Oregon Dispute: 54° 40’ or Fight! • By the mid-1840s,“Oregon Fever” wasspurred on by thepromise of free land. • The joint British-U. S.occupation ended in1846. Americans want entire region to 54° 40’. • Polk not wiling to fight Br. Already involved with Mexico • Eventually divide Oregon at 49th parallel
Trails Westward Dangers along the Trail?
The Doomed Donner Party April, 1846 – April, 1847
The Great Southwest and California The Great Southwest • Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821- 80,000 Mexicans in region • By 1830- Mexico begins to encourage trade with United States over Santa Fe Trail. • American goods traded for Mexican horses, mules, beaver pelts and silver. William Becknell (1821) first in area.
The Great Southwest and California • What event created the mad rush to California in the 1840’s? California
GOLD! At Sutter’s Mill, 1848 John A. Sutter
California Gold Rush, 1849 49er’s
Two Views of San Francisco, Early 1850s • By 1860, almost 300,000people had traveled theOregon & CaliforniaTrails to the Pacificcoast.