PowerPoint, or…text & multimedia in class Eva M. Fernández Queens LOTE Consortium Linguistics & Communication Disorders Queens College — CUNY LOTE@qc.edu
Main Features • Create SLIDES • projected from PC • printed as transparencies • printed as hand-outs • uploaded to web server • Integrate text and multimedia content • Deliver presentations • in formal or informal settings • in classrooms or conferences
A Glorified Word Processor? • Yes… but, • PPT (and other similar software titles)ISN’T (aren’t) JUST FOR MANAGING TEXT • to use Microsoft’s jargon: “you can easily organize, powerfully illustrate, and professionally deliver your ideas”; PPT gives you “the tools you need to communicate with impact” • found somewhere on the Microsoft.com website “you can easily organize, powerfully illustrate, and professionally deliver your ideas”; PPT gives you “the tools you need to communicate with impact”
Word Processors ~Word, WordPerfect, Wordstar, … • entering large amounts of text • printing text, or displaying it on a small computer screen • so… • small fonts, aligned left, portrait orientation • can manage incorporation of multimedia objects, but can’t display them well • keyboard commands for entering and formatting text, but not for presentations
Presentation Software ~PowerPoint, Freelance, Corel Presentations… • Designed for making slides • default font sizes are big • default alignment and spacing of text varies, depending on slide layout • default image is oriented as landscape • ideal for overhead projectors • with data projectors,takes advantage of screen size
Presentation Software ~PowerPoint, Freelance, Corel Presentations… • Designed for running slide shows • features to maximally use screen when running a presentation • keyboard commands to simplify presentation tasks • browsing from slide to slide • changing color of screen • using / hiding pen or pointer
Presentation Software ~PowerPoint, Freelance, Corel Presentations… • AND you can associate a slide with notes, an outline, etc. • simplifies making handouts and summaries • helps organize ideas • improves efficacy of presentation
Presentation Software ~PowerPoint, Freelance, Corel Presentations… • FINALLY, you can save presentations as HTML files, to upload to the web • for asynchronousdelivery of lectures / talks • or even for synchronous delivery • features to set up“Online Broadcasts”
How Does It Work? • A PPT file = a sequence of “slides” • screens with text and/or multimedia content • each associated with an outline (generated automatically) and notes (generated by author) • Multi-panel user interface • workspace (slide) • outline or thumbnails of slides • notes • scrollbars, menus, toolbars
Design Features ENTERING TEXT: DEFAULT LAYOUTS • Disadvantage: • reduces creativity? • Advantages: • generates outline automatically • makes global changes easier
Design Features TEMPLATES Slide background and text designs, color schemes, animation schemes • Disadvantages: • induces wasting time? • may add to “slide clutter” problem • Advantage: • “cool” and fun… and possibly effective?
Drawing & Animating Some Examples
S S S CONJ S Simple & Complex coordinate: S S CONJ S simple: S NP VP S S S S CONJ NP VP subordinate: S S S S S CONJ S
LEXICON X LEXICON Y GRAMMAR X GRAMMAR Y phonology X phonology Y syntax X syntax Y semantics X semantics Y pragmatics X pragmatics Y An architecture for bilingual cognition JOINT MEMORY STOREevents lived in Lx or Lymaterial learned in Lx or Ly
Here is a red kite and a green kite. They have different color tails. 18 What color is the tail of the kite that has a bow on it?
Images “Prefab” Clipart or Your Own Snapshots
The United States • A place with numerous linguistic minorities • Take Queens County, for example • 44% of the population speaks a LOTE at home (1990 US Census) • Of this 44%, MOST are BILINGUALS • Figures overlook people who speak LOTEs, but don’t use them at home
Grade Grade Hits Hits Figure 5: Hits to homework areas against final grade, r (74) = .150, p > .10 Figure 6: Hits to test areas against final grade, r (74) = .300, p < .01 Grade Grade Hits Hits Figure 7: Hits to lecture notes areas against final grade, r (74) = .015, p > .10 Figure 5: Hits to miscellaneous admon. tools against final grade, r (74) = .276, p < .02
Figure 1. Correspondences between bilingual and monolingual behavior in sentence processing, categorized as language-independent and language-dependent. Sx indicates set of strategies associated with Lx.
Buttons Hyperlinked to URLs Internet local files local or remote executables etc.
QC ONLINE / BLACKBOARD • the class website is accessible only through QC ONLINE (Blackboard 5) • to access it, you must: 1. activate your account: http://vanguard.qc.edu 2. login to QC Online and edit your personal information: http://online.qc.edu
BORROWING: use of a word or phrase from Lx within Ly utterance Ya no están, están enspecial Ahí para comprarlo para este weekend; pa este weekend • mot juste, gap in lexicon, etc. • phonological & morphological integration into host language • notice, both borrowed words are from English
Saving Work ~:-) • “Save” & “Save As…” • presentation (*.ppt) • show (*.pps) • outline (*.rtf) • set of images (*.gif, *.jpg, *.tif, etc.) • “Save As HTML…” • Record & save online broadcasts
Saving Work ~:-) • Embedding true-type fonts • Embedding versus linking associated files • “Pack and Go” function
Running a slide show • the “full screen” view • keyboard v. mouse • black-outs, white-outs • navigating through slides • the mouse as pointer or pen
Keyboard shortcuts • Advance to next slide: • space, N, right or down arrow, enter, page down • Return to previous slide: • backspace, P, left or up arrow, page up • Go to slide number “#”: • “#” + enter • End show: • esc, ctrl+break
More keyboard shortcuts • black-out: B • white-out: W • show / hide arrow pointer: A • pointer-to-pen: ctrl+P • pen-to-pointer: ctrl+A • hide pointer & button: ctrl+H • erase drawing: E
Printing Slides • As overheads • on plain paper • on transparencies • As handouts • the gray-scale print-out • the black-and-white print-out • the outline print-out • the “handout” print-out
Running an Effective Show • Prepare your slides • “Slide Show” “Set Up Show” • remember to embed fonts • save as *.pps, rather than *.ppt • Rehearse! • practice the talk • practice the timing
Running an Effective Show • Technical considerations: • how to order the equipment • how to save your files • how to set up the equipment • troubleshooting…
Running an Effective Show • Design considerations • consistent use of text amount, size, positioning • conservative use of images • as many as will illustrate your point(no more, no less) • sparing but purposeful use of animation • quantitative information is often best presented graphically • avoid three-dimensional graphs (hard to read)
THANKS! Please addressquestions and comments to: LOTE@qc.edu Eva M. Fernández Linguistics & Communication Disorders Queens LOTE Consortium