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Gantt Charts for project management. Jeff Barratt Supply Chain and Operations Management Dr. Tom Foster Marriott School of Management Brigham Young University. What is a Gantt Chart. Gantt Chart Applications. Gantt Chart Exercise. Gantt Chart Example. What is a Gantt Chart?.

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gantt charts for project management
Gantt Chartsfor project management

Jeff Barratt

Supply Chain and Operations Management

Dr. Tom Foster

Marriott School of Management

Brigham Young University


What is a Gantt Chart

Gantt Chart Applications

Gantt Chart Exercise

Gantt Chart Example

what is a gantt chart
What is a Gantt Chart?
  • A visual representation of a project over time
    • Used to schedule, coordinate, and allocate the resources needed to complete a project
    • Shows start, end, and specific target dates called “milestones”
benefits of gantt charts
Benefits of Gantt Charts
  • Efficiency Increase
    • Project tracking
    • Set deadlines
  • Communication Increase
  • Coordination Increase
  • Provides motivation through scheduling
  • Encourages creativity
features of gantt charts
Features of Gantt Charts
  • Easy to create
    • Freehand Gantt charts
    • Microsoft Excel
    • Microsoft Project
    • SmartDraw, Primavera, and other programs.
  • Easy to modify and adjust
  • Simple to understand
disadvantages of gantt charts
Disadvantages of Gantt Charts
  • Activity descriptions often lack detail
  • A lack of precedent and subsequent task relationships
  • Does not allow for uncertain situations such as late or early finish times.
how can this tool be used in your organization
How Can This Tool Be Used in Your Organization?
  • Upcoming projects?
  • Communication barriers?
  • Time restraints?
gantt chart fundamentals
Gantt Chart Fundamentals
  • Separate tasks are listed in vertical rows
  • Time spans horizontally along the top
  • Each task is represented by a bar along the time horizon
how to create a gantt chart using microsoft project
How to Create a Gantt Chart using Microsoft Project

List any resources to be used

Enter Task Name

Adjust start and end times

Choose task duration


Water Tight Security Systems

just got a bid for installing the security system

on a new government building…

exercise continued
Exercise continued
  • Schedule the project’s completion using a Gantt chart.

Include the following steps:

    • Test the system (0.5 days)
    • Install the system (4 days)
    • Order and await supplies (9 days)
    • Evaluate facility’s security needs (4 days)
    • Schedule installation time (1 day)
    • Installation crew travel (2 days)
real world examples
Real World Examples
  • Government Uses
    • Hoover Dam construction, 1931
    • Interstate Highway Network, begun 1956
  • Private Uses
    • Specific projects such as launching a new product
    • Construction planning such as building a home
    • Personal planning
medical school application
Medical School Application

A Personal Planning Example:

additional information
Additional Information
  • Microsoft Office homepage
  • Academy of Management Journal. 2002,Vol. 45, No. 5, 956-970. “Charting Time: Timelines as Temporal Boundary Objects.” Elaine K. Yakura.
  • Cost Engineering. Vol.47/No.7 July 2005, 14-21. “Effective Use of Gantt Chart for Managing Large Scale Projects.” Pankaja Pradeep Kumar, CCE.


additional information cont
Additional Information Cont.
  • IEE Engineering Management. June/July 2003. “Uncharted Territory?” Alan Orr.
  • Project Management Fifth Edition, 1995. Harold Derzner, Ph.D. Pp 705-711.
  • See also:
    • Program evaluation and review technique (PERT)
    • Critical path method (CPM)
  • Gantt charts are visual representations of a project over time.
    • Includes start, finish, and milestone dates.
    • Useful in project planning and tracking.
    • Helpful in resource communication and allocation