Decision making process and legal documents By Ruth Tammeorg European Documentation Centre Tartu University Library Estonia Community acquis – Acquis communautaire The Community acquis is the body of common rights and obligations
By Ruth Tammeorg
European Documentation Centre
Tartu University Library
The Community acquis is the body of common rights and obligations
which bind all theMember States together within the European Union.
It is constantly evolving and comprises:
Official Journal C 321E of 29 December 2006
Intergovernmental Conference - Conference of the governments of the Member States convened in order to negotiate amendments to existing treaties
The co-decision procedure, which was introduced by the Treaty on European Union, was conceived as an extension of the cooperation procedure. However, while in the latter the Council can, acting unanimously, disregard the opinion of Parliament, in the co-decision procedure there is no such possibility: in the event of disagreement, a conciliation committee made up of representatives of the Council and of Parliament has to arrive at a text that is acceptable to the two institutions. The co-decision procedure now puts these two institutions on an equal footing in the legislative roles. Under this procedure, the Council cannot adopt a common position if the process of conciliation with Parliament fails. If no agreement is reached, the legislative process is liable to be broken off.
Co-decision has become by far the most important procedure in legislative practice.
It concerns many areas, for example:
non-discrimination on grounds of nationality (Article 12),
combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation (Article 13(2)),
freedom of movement and of residence (Article 18(2)),
free movement of workers (Article 40),
social security for migrant workers (Article 42),
right of establishment (Article 44(1), Article 46(2), Article 47(1) and (2)),
visas, asylum, immigration and other policies relating to the free movement of persons (Article 67(4) and (5))
The consultation procedure now applies only to cases that are not expressly subject to the cooperation or co-decision procedures.
General publications of the European Union Official InformationThe authoritative source of EU law –The Official Journal of the European Union (OJ)
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