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QUIZ. Define/explain the following: 1. Line Item Veto 2. Executive Privilege 3. War Powers Act 4. Executive Agreement 5. Executive Order. VETO. Within 10 days 2/3 House and Senate to override After 10 Days… No presidential action=law POCKET VETO 10 days passes

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
QUIZ

Define/explain the following:

1. Line Item Veto

2. Executive Privilege

3. War Powers Act

4. Executive Agreement

5. Executive Order

slide2
VETO
  • Within 10 days
  • 2/3 House and Senate to override
  • After 10 Days…
    • No presidential action=law
  • POCKET VETO
    • 10 days passes
    • Congress adjourns during 10 days
    • No presidential action=pocket veto
    • Cannot override
line item veto
Line Item Veto
  • President can veto SOME parts of the bill
  • Good for spending bills
  • 1998 USSC: Unconstitutional
    • Significant change to president’s law-making powers.
    • Needs an amendment
executive privilege
Executive Privilege
  • Private conversations between president and advisers.
  • President: Needs candid advice (Implied power)
  • 1973 USSC: U.S. v. Nixon
    • No unqualified privilege
    • Can be used for military or diplomatic matters.
impoundment
Impoundment
  • President would NOT spend funds.
  • JFK: Weapons/LBJ: Highway Construction
  • Budget and Impoundment Control Act (1974)
    • President must spend budgeted funds.
war powers act 1973
War Powers Act (1973)

Congress reasserting war powers

President must inform Congress within 48 hours of sending troops.

Troops can stay for 90 Days without Congressional approval.

executive agreement
Executive Agreement
  • Formal arrangement made by president and another country.
  • Not binding on later administrations
    • Often deal with trade issues
  • No senate approval
  • Formal Treaties require 2/3 vote of Senate
executive order
Executive Order

A regulation passed by the president that has the effect of a law.

Does not require the consent of Congress.

Examples

Harry Truman ordered the desegregation of the military.

FDR ordered the internment of Japanese-Americans.

how washington works
“HOW WASHINGTON WORKS”

Congressional Interests

FDR’s Methods

Presidential Interests

LBJ’s Methods