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Totalitarianism Case Study: Stalinist Russia. By: Jennifer Y.& Erica T. Section 1 – Totalitarianism. Review & Background Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin Man of Steel – Joseph Stalin Totalitarianism Similar characteristics of all totalitarian States An Industrial Revolution

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section 1 totalitarianism
Section 1 – Totalitarianism
  • Review & Background
  • Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
  • Man of Steel – Joseph Stalin
  • Totalitarianism
  • Similar characteristics of all totalitarian States
  • An Industrial Revolution
  • An Agricultural Revolution
review background
Review & Background
  • Review
    • Orthodox Marxism
    • Socialism
    • Communism
    • Capitalism
  • Background
    • Lenin Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
    • Great Depression
leon trotsky and joseph stalin
Leon Trotsky

well-educated and cultured

Theories

World Revolution

Permanent Revolution

Trotskyism

criticized Stalin's theory

Joseph Stalin

rough and crude

Theories

Socialism in one country

Stalinism

broke out from Trotsky and Lenin

Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
man of steel joseph stalin
Man of Steel – Joseph Stalin
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0UH7KjzJwvM
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEtHZAxGdkI
totalitarianism
Totalitarianism
  • Totalitarianism
  • Stalin builds a totalitarian state.
    • Stalin’s dream
    • Great Depression
  • Other totalitarian governments emerged.
    • Germany – Hitler
    • Italy – Mussolini
    • China - Mao Zedong
    • North Korea - Kim Il Sung
  • Result of Totalitarianism

When

I'm gone,

the

capitalists

will

drown you

like blind

kittens

similar characteristics of all totalitarian states
Similar characteristics of all totalitarian States
  • Dictatorship and One-Party Rule
  • Dynamic Leader
  • Ideology
  • State Control Over All Sectors of Society
  • State Control Over the Individual
  • Dependence on Modern Technology
  • Organized Violence
an industrial revolution
An Industrial Revolution
  • 1st and 2nd Five-Year Plan
    • set impossibly high quotas
  • Government controlled the worker's life.
  • made impressive gains.
  • agricultural nation → industrial nation
an agricultural revolution
An Agricultural Revolution
  • 1st and 2nd Five-Year Plan
  • Collective farms
  • Resistances of peasants
  • Kulaks
  • development
section2 weapons of and daily life under totalitarianism
Section2 – Weapons of and daily life under totalitarianism
  • Police Terror
  • Indoctrination and Propaganda
  • Censorship
  • Religious Persecution
  • Comparing Revolutions
  • Soviet Women
  • Education
police terror
Police Terror
  • Used terror and violence to stop the opposition
  • No privacy
  • GREAT PURGE: campaign of terror.
  • Eliminate whoever got in Stalin’s way
  • 1939; ended the great purge
  • Historians said that Stalin is responsible for all deaths
indoctrination and propaganda
Indoctrination and Propaganda
  • Indoctrination: Instruction in the government’s beliefs.
  • Propaganda: biased or incomplete information used to sway people to accept certain beliefs or actions.
  • ART was used for Propaganda
  • Socialist realism: Artistic style that

praised Soviet life and communist values.

censorship
Censorship
  • Stalin wouldn’t tolerate individual creativity that threatened the conformity and obedience required of citizens in a totalitarian state.
  • Controlled ALLmedias
  • No privacy
  • Even children were supposed to tell the government about what they heard from their family.
religious persecution
Religious Persecution
  • Ideals of communism
  • The Russian Orthodox church was the main target of persecution.
  • Other religions also suffered.
  • Destroyed religion
comparing revolutions
Comparing Revolutions
  • Russian Revolution was similar to French revolution.
  • Both wanted to destroy social and political structures.
  • Included Violence, and terrorism.
  • French=monarchy, Russia=totalitarian.
soviet women
Soviet Women
  • Equal rights
  • Under 5year plans, they were forced to join the labor force.
  • Educational opportunities.
  • Medicine was popular.
  • 1950: There were 75% of women Soviet doctors
  • Job, child, and housework.
  • Motherhood was a patriotic duty.
pictures
Pictures

Pilots

Doctors

Soldiers

education
Education
  • Controlled all education.
  • College professors and students who went against the communist party lost their jobs or faced imprisonment.
  • Needed many skilled workers.
sources
Sources
  • http://pamolson.org/TransSibMoscow.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/Hammer_and_sickle.png
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0UH7KjzJwvM
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEtHZAxGdkI