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Totalitarianism. Chapter 14 Section 2. Totalitarianism. Stalin Becomes Dictator Stalin: “man of steel” Lenin believed Stalin to be a dangerous man concentrated power 1928, total command Trotsky exiled 1929. Totalitarianism. Stalin Builds a Totalitarian State

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totalitarianism

Totalitarianism

Chapter 14 Section 2

totalitarianism1
Totalitarianism
  • Stalin Becomes Dictator
    • Stalin: “man of steel”
    • Lenin believed Stalin to be a dangerous man
    • concentrated power
    • 1928, total command
    • Trotsky exiled 1929
totalitarianism2
Totalitarianism
  • Stalin Builds a Totalitarian State
    • Lenin, Trotsky: worldwide Communist Rev.
    • focused on Russian development
    • “socialism in one country”
    • centralized state control
    • over public and private life
    • “sense of security”
totalitarianism3
Totalitarianism
  • Stalin Seizes Control of the Economy
  • An Industrial Revolution
      • Command economy
      • both industrial and agriculture
      • “Five Year Plans”
      • rapid industrial growth, strengthen defense
      • impossibly high quota
      • controlled the worker’s life
      • imprisoned or executed those not contributing
      • 1928-1937: production up 25%
totalitarianism4
Totalitarianism
  • An Agricultural Revolution
    • more brutal
    • seized 25+ million farms (private)
    • “collective farms”
    • protests by peasants
    • terror and violence
    • 5-10 million died, or shipped to Siberia
    • kulaks, eliminated them
    • 1938, 90% of peasants on farms
weapons of totalitarianism
Weapons of Totalitarianism
  • Police Terror
    • destroy his enemies
    • executed millions of “so-called” traitors
    • 1934, Great Purge, members of the Communist
    • “crimes against the Soviet state.”
    • secret police not above the law “quotas of criminals”
    • 1939: Stalin has “total” control of government and the party
    • 8-13 million died
weapons of totalitarianism1
Weapons of Totalitarianism
  • Indoctrination
    • instruction of the government’s beliefs- to mold the mind
    • party leaders lectured workers and peasants on the ideas of communism
    • State supported youth groups…training ground
weapons of totalitarianism2
Weapons of Totalitarianism
  • Propaganda
    • biased or incomplete information…to sway people
    • soviet newspapers, radio… glorified achievements
    • “Socialist realism”... artistic style praises Soviet life and Communist values
    • Stalin didn’t tolerate individual creativity
    • controlled newspapers, motion pictures, radio, and other forms of communication
weapons of totalitarianism3
Weapons of Totalitarianism
  • Religious Persecution
    • replace religious teaching…with communists ideas
    • atheists
    • Russian Orthodox Church…main target
    • destroyed churches and synagogues
    • Religious leaders…killed or sent to labor camps
daily life under stalin
Daily Life Under Stalin
  • Soviet Women
    • 1917, women won equal rights
    • new educational opportunities
    • 1950, 75% of doctors were women
    • responsible for household and child care
    • motherhood…patriotic duty
daily life under stalin1
Daily Life Under Stalin
  • Education
    • government controlled all education
    • not merely indoctrination
    • university and tech training…key to better life