CASE STUDY, CASE DISCUSSION AND CASE MANAGEMENT. Dr.TBBSV Ramanaiah. Professor and Chairman. Dept. of Social Work. University of Mysore. AND G. M SARVESWARA FACULTY , ATI. CASE STUDY, CASE DISCUSSION AND CASE MANAGEMENT. CASE STUDY. An intensive study of comparatively few
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Dr.TBBSV Ramanaiah Professor and Chairman Dept. of Social Work Universityof Mysore AND G. M SARVESWARA FACULTY , ATI
CASE STUDY An intensive study of comparatively few cases – sometimes confined to a single case.More qualitative in nature – The person has depend more upon his power of observation and sense of logic.
Definition Case study is a method of exploring and analyzing the life of a social unit -be that unit a person, a family, an institution.
Case study methods were originally used as a training technique in law and medicine. Gradually it was adopted in engineering and social sciences too. It provides to the learner a mass of relevant and irrelevant facts recounted in a narrative pattern to present a problem. The main purpose of case study is to offer to the learner an experience in thinking in a given field rather than specific examples and solutions.
Case Discussion Under this method, a real (or hypothetical) problem or situation demanding solution is presented to the group and members are asked to identify the problems present. The members must suggest various alternatives for tackling them, analyze each one of these, find out their comparative suitability, and decide for themselves the best solution.
This method promotes analytical thinking and problem-solving ability. It encourages open-mindedness, patient listening, respecting others’ views and integrating the knowledge obtained from different sources. This method is extensively used in Professional Schools of Law, Social Work and Management; and in executive training programmes in industry.
Case Management Here, one needs to present in detail all the facts (especially the problem) related to a unit or a case. A Case Management requires the following: a) the facts of the case b) the basic problems and c) the management strategies involved.
It is always advisable to begin a case by providing the fundamental and the essential facts about the case. It should be followed by a presentation of problems either faced by or arising out of a case. The third phase occupies an important role - case management.
Case management is also defined as a process of method for ensuring that consumers are provided with whatever services they need in a coordinaterd, effective and efficient manner.
Functions of Case Management a) Assesing (client’s needs) b) Planning ( a comprehensive service plan) c) Linking ( arranging for services to be delivered) d) Monitoring (the services delivered) e) Evaluating and follow- up.
Case management is a major significant development in human services. Case management incorporates two broad functions. - Providing individualized advice, counseling, and therapy to citizens in the community. - Linking clients to needed services and supports in community agencies and informal helping networks.
ADVANTAGE Since the case study permits more details to be presented than any other method of investigations, it can reveal relationships that may be unknown by other approaches.
LIMITATIONS Case study situations are seldom comparable. Enough scope for errors due to inaccurate observation and faulty inference. Generalizations cannot be drawn on the basis of few cases.
ROLE PLAYING Role playing helps to make a case study method a more realistic one. It is based on the assumption that some of the values in a given situation cannot be expressed in words. A dramatized situation makes the communication a more effective one. It acts as a useful technique in providing discussion of the problems of human relationship.
Here, the trainees act out a given role as they would in a stage play. Two or more individuals enact roles as they have observed or experienced them. The roles can be mutually exchanged. There are no written lines to be said, naturally no rehearsals.
The role players have to quickly respond to the situation that is ever changing and to react to it as they would in the real one.
It is a method of human interaction which involves realistic behavior in an imaginary or hypothetical situation. The audience plays a rather active role in providing a valuable feedback to the group involved in role playing.
Often role play concludes with a discussion from both the enactors of the roles and the audience. These discussions serve practical tips on how each role could have been enacted better, how a particular situation could have been handled better and the like.