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Point-of-view. Who tells the story?. First Person POV.

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  1. Point-of-view Who tells the story?

  2. First Person POV If I’d had any doubts about his guilt, they vanished the minute he and I locked yes. His surprise was replaced by panic, and he gunned his engine, taking off. I peeled after him, flooring it. At the corner he skidded sideways and recovered, speeding out of sight. I went after him, zig-zagging crazily through a residential area laid out like a maze. -Sue Grafton, “Full Circle” • Narrator is one of the characters. • Narrator uses first-person pronouns I, me, my we, us, our. • Narrator knows the thoughts and feels of one character and speaks directly to the reader.

  3. Third Person Limited POV Taking off his cap, he placed it over the muzzle of his rifle. Then he pushed the rifle slowly upwards over the parapet, until the cap was visible from the opposite side of the street. Almost immediately there was a report, and a bullet pierced the center of the cap. Thesniper slanted the rifle forward. The cap slipped down into the street. - Liam O’Flaherty, “The Sniper” • Narrator does not participate in story action • Narrator refers to characters as he, she, they, him, her, them • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of only one character but is not that character.

  4. Third Person Omniscient POV The sight of the dog put a wild idea into his head. He remembered the tale of the man, caught in a blizzard, who killed a steer and crawled inside the carcass, and so was saved. He would kill the dog and bury his hands in the warm body. He spoke to the dog, calling it to him; but in his voice was a strange note of fear that frightened the animal, who had never known the man to speak in such a way before. - Jack London, “To Build a Fire” • Narrator does not participate in story action • Narrator refers to characters as he, she, they, him, her, them • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of ALL characters

  5. POV Practice • Now, read the POV examples on your worksheet. • Highlight sections that help identify the POV (pronouns, information the narrator knows) • Write the type of POV in the blank provided.

  6. Sensory Details Details that evoke a response from one of the five senses.

  7. What are the Five Senses? • Sight/Visual • Sound/Auditory • Smell/Olfactory • Touch/Kinetic • Taste/Oral

  8. Find the Sensory Details • In this activity, you will find and identify sensory details. • First, read all instructions and examine the example. INSTRUCTIONS • Identify one (1) of each of the five (5) types of sensory details from the SAMPLE DETAIL PARAGRAPH. • Copy the SAMPLE DETAIL PARAGRAPH from slide #5 to your Word notes document we started in class. • Then, label sensory details by clicking the Review tab, pressing the Comment button on the tool bar, and entering a complete sentence that identifies and explains the sensory detail. (see example next slide).

  9. Example:

  10. SAMPLE DETAIL PARAGRAPH Grandmother Workman lurched over and grabbed the pale skin of Randal's thin forearm with her leathery hand. The folds and creases beneath her skin coiled themselves out like electrical wiring, like the bloated, roughly-textured relief map of the world that his mother just posted above his bedside table. Randal looked ahead toward the winding spiral staircase, fidgeted with a small hole in his baseball jersey, and bit his lip. His mouth filled with the sweet, coppery taste of blood as she leaned in closely toward him, breathing her hot breath on the damp hair at the base of his neck. She smelled of wet cigarettes and bacon. As they slowly climbed the long, steep staircase, the only sound was his grandmothers' labored breathing and the mournful creak of the wooden stairs.

  11. Writing with Sensory Details • Now, you will write a sensory detail paragraph of your own due tomorrow, Tuesday 13 December. • This paragraph will go in the introduction of your story and will serve to establish the setting. • INSTRUCTIONS • Using your chosen point-of-view (POV), write a minimum one-paragraph description of setting. • Address the location, time and the mood of the story. • Include sensory details for all five (5) of the senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch.

  12. Example from The Scarlet Ibisby James Hurst It was in the clove of seasons, summer was dead but autumn had not yet been born, that the ibis lit in the bleeding tree. The flower garden was stained with rotting brown magnolia petals and ironweeds grew rank amid the purple phlox. The five o’clocks by the chimney skill marked time, but the oriole next in the elm was untenanted and rocked back and forth like an empty cradle. The last graveyard flowers were blooming, and their smell drifted across the cotton field and through every room of our house, speaking softy the names of our dead.

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