United States and Canada Physical Geography Chapter 6, Section 2 Climate and Vegetation
Although mostly cold, Canada has climate zones ranging from a mild climate to a frigid, polar climate.
Climate in the United States can vary from tropical and desert to forest and tundra regions.
The Tundra is a very cold, dry region, covered with snow for more than half the year. It is found in the far northern regions of the United States and Canada.
In the Tundra, when the soil above the permafrost thaws, mosses, grasses and bright wildflowers grow there.
The Grasslands are flat and often, they are rolling land covered with grasses found in the United States and Canada.
Prairies are grasslands of North America. These grasslands are the largest in the world, known as the Central and Great Plains.
The few people, if any, and wildlife in the area, have learned to adapt to drought conditions.
The Forest region covers nearly one-third of the United States and one-half of Canada
The mild northern climates are suitable for forests of conifers; fir, pine and spruce trees.
Key Term Review tundra permafrost prairies provinces
The Tundra is a cold, dry region, covered in snow for more than half the year.
Permafrost is a permanently frozen layer of ground below a top layer of soil
A region of flat or rolling land covered with grasses is known as a prairie.