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Regional Geography and the United States and Canada

Regional Geography and the United States and Canada

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Regional Geography and the United States and Canada

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  1. Regional Geography and the United States and Canada WG.3b,4

  2. Regions are used to simplify the world for study and understanding

  3. Regional Landscapes • Regional landscapes reflect the cultural characteristics of their inhabitants. This can be seen in the architectural structures used in a region, and in the statues and monuments of local, national, or global significance.

  4. Architectural StructuresMosques-Islam

  5. Churches-Christianity

  6. Synagogues (Judaism)

  7. Temples (Buddhism)

  8. Pagodas (Buddhism)

  9. Tiles roofs in the Mediterranean Dwellings (homes)

  10. Chalets in Switzerland

  11. Thatched Roofs

  12. Tents and Yurts

  13. Castles in Europe

  14. Statutes, and Monuments • Many have local, national or global significance • Taj Mahal

  15. Dome of the Rock and Pyramids

  16. Eiffel Tower and the White House

  17. Examples of other well know monuments • Kaaba (Mecca), Western Wall (Jerusalem), Church of the Holy Sepulcher (Jerusalem), Washington Monument, Lincoln Memorial, Kremlin (Moscow), Statute of Liberty, Virginia State Capital building

  18. Kaaba

  19. Western Wall (Wailing Wall)

  20. Examples of Physical and Cultural Regions • Physical regions • Sahara, Taiga, Rainforest, Great Plains, Low Countries • Cultural regions • Language (Latin America, Francophone world)

  21. Ethnic regions (Chinatown, Kurdistan) • Religious regions (Islam, Buddhism) • Economic regions (Wheat Belt, European Union) • Political regions (NATO, African Union {AU}) • Changes in perception regions (Middle East, Sun Belt, Rust Belt)

  22. United States and Canada physical characteristics • Both nations have abundant natural resources. • The Continental Divide sits at the top of the Rocky Mountains and acts as a divider for North America • Many important rivers (Mississippi, St. Lawrence, Colorado, Columbia, and Rio Grande)

  23. US and Canada also have other important water features. (Gulf of Mexico, Great Lakes, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and the Hudson Bay)

  24. Important landforms—Aleutian Islands, Hawaiian archipelago, Appalachian Mountains, Pacific Coastal Ranges, Basin and Range region, Rocky Mountains, Great Plains, Interior Lowlands, Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains, Canadian Shield, Grand Canyon

  25. Both have varied climate regions—they range from the tundra in Alaska to a tropical wet climate in Hawaii

  26. US and Canada economic characteristics • Both countries are major exporters of technology, consumer goods, information systems, and foodstuffs • Both have highly developed infrastructures • Both have highly diversified economies

  27. Both have a rich supply of mineral, energy, and forest resources • Both are members of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) • Both are home to many multinational corporations

  28. US is the center of the world financial markets (New York Stock Exchange) • Both have sustained economic growth • Both have a widening gap between the rich and the poor

  29. The US exports our culture via the global marketplace. Examples—McDonald’s, Coca-Cola, music, blue jeans

  30. Cultural characteristics of the US and Canada • Both countries were originally colonized by countries from Europe • Both have multicultural societies • Both have increasingly diverse populations

  31. Both have high literacy rates • Both have a high standard of living • Both are highly urbanized • Canada struggles to maintain a national identity • Both have highly mobile populations

  32. The world’s largest unfortified border is between the US and Canada • Both have a democratic form of government • Both are members of NATO • Both have arts that reflect the cultural heritage of their multicultural societies

  33. Washington DC Chicago New York City Los Angeles Houston Toronto Montreal Ottawa Quebec Vancouver, British Columbia Important cities (centers of culture and trade)

  34. Examples of the cultural landscape • US Capital building • Golden Gate Bridge

  35. Independence Hall • St. Louis Gateway Arch

  36. Wheat fields • Skyscrapers • Shopping malls • Bilingual signs • Influence of automobiles (ex. Gas stations, motels, interstate highways, drive up services)

  37. Human interaction affects the environment • Deforestation—examples are the Amazon Basin, Nepal, and Malaysia • Acid Rain—example is the Black Forest in Europe • Decreased soil fertility—Example is the Aswan High Dam in Egypt

  38. Criteria for determining a countries relative importance • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) • Land size • Population size • Resources

  39. How do physical features impact humans • Example—Water • Rio Grande River is a boundary • Ob River flows northward into the Arctic Ocean • Zambezi River provides water power • Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers are flood hazards

  40. Example—Mountains • Rocky Mountains create a rain shadow on the leeward slopes • Himalayas block moisture and create steppes and deserts in Central Asia