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Persuasive Language

Persuasive Language

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Persuasive Language

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  1. Persuasive Language How to Create Voice in Your Public Service Announcement

  2. Alliteration Anecdote Bias Clichés Imagery Emotional appeal Emotive language Evidence Hyperbole/Exaggeration Generalization Inclusive Language Repetition Rhetorical Question Techniques

  3. Alliteration • Repeating and playing upon the same letter • eg: 'a back-breaking job‘ • Persuades by adding emphasis and reinforcing meaning

  4. Anecdote • A short account or story of a sad, heart warming or interesting situation • Eg: ‘Jimmy spends five hours a day walking to get water. . .‘ • Usually makes reader sympathetic and receptive to the point

  5. Bias • One-sidedness in presentation of view/opinion • Eg: Tony thinks the Toronto Blue Jays is the best baseball team in MLB because he lives in Toronto

  6. Clichés • Worn-out, over-used expressions • eg: “Life or death situation", "Turning over a new leaf“, “Another day, another dollar” • These are familiar, often colloquial, a shortcut to convey meaning

  7. Imagery • Words that are heightened, lively, vivid and full of interest • These produce a picture and/ or induce an emotion. Engage the reader. • eg: hot = blistering, sultry, muggy, suffocating, steamy, wilting.

  8. Evidence (logos) • Information, facts or statements used to support a belief, opinion, point of view or proposition. • An appeal to logic • Eg: statistics, research, expert opinion, facts • Positions the reader & adds weight to the author's argument

  9. Ethical Appeal (ethos) • An appeal to morality and the ethical nature of the reader • Eg: “Treat others as you want to be treated”

  10. Emotional Appeal (pathos) • Play on peoples emotions such as fears, insecurities, desires, hopes and values. • Can target moral values, patriotism, a sense of justice or injustice, family values, customs & tradition. • Eg: “I am Canadian” • Can manipulate the reader by triggering an emotional response

  11. Emotive Language • The deliberate use of strong emotive words to play on people's feelings. • Language that carries strong emotions • Eg: words like sleazy, slimy, vicious, disgusting, outrageous. • Evoke a strong emotional response in a reader to coerce/force agreement

  12. Hyperbole (Exaggeration) • Overstatement, stating the case too strongly, magnifying importance. • Eg: “It will be a disaster of epic proportions!“ • Exaggeration makes a point dramatically to reinforce it

  13. Generalizations • A general statement that claims that whatever is being said is true for most or a majority • Eg: "Children see too much violence on TV“ • These statements may not be wholly correct, but they are easy to identify with

  14. Inclusive Language • Includes reader/audience, engages them, sounds friendly • Eg: "We all know that ...“, “Together, we can make a difference”

  15. Repetition • Repeated words, phrases, ideas • Eg: "Never, never, should we stand by and let this happen.“ • Gives emphasis & prominence to a point/idea, repeats ideas to reinforce point & make reader remember it.

  16. Rhetorical Questions • Questions that have the answer embedded in them • Eg: “Would YOU accept these unsanitary third-world hospital conditions in our country?“ • The answer seems obvious, so this is a very powerful manipulating device. You find yourself agreeing with the speaker automatically