the fourteenth century twilight of the middle ages l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Fourteenth Century: Twilight of the Middle Ages PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Fourteenth Century: Twilight of the Middle Ages

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

The Fourteenth Century: Twilight of the Middle Ages - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 262 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Fourteenth Century: Twilight of the Middle Ages. -Key Concepts-. “Signs of Change”. Catholic Church losing its authority New military weapons, tactics and strategies Growing nationalism Loosening of social hierarchy. I. The Black Death (1347-1351). Preconditions leading to the Plague

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Fourteenth Century: Twilight of the Middle Ages' - issac


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
signs of change
“Signs of Change”
  • Catholic Church losing its authority
  • New military weapons, tactics and strategies
  • Growing nationalism
  • Loosening of social hierarchy
i the black death 1347 1351
I. The Black Death (1347-1351)
  • Preconditions leading to the Plague
  • Dietary and hygienic problems
  • Government and Church preconditions
  • Origins of the Bubonic Plague
  • Contemporary explanations
i the black death cont
I. The Black Death (cont)
  • The physiological progression of the disease
  • Mortality rates varied
  • Contemporary, popular remedies
  • Flagellants
  • Various forms of escape and relief pursued
i the black death cont5
I. The Black Death (cont)
  • Deep pessimism and doubt spread all over Europe
  • New urban ordinances
  • Steep population decline along with increased wages for laborers
  • Economic and political power of local artisans rose
i the black death cont6
I. The Black Death (cont)
  • Value of noble estates declined
  • Aristocratic incomes dropped
  • Increase in royal power
  • Towns prospered
  • Depiction of death in art

-- “The Dance of Death”

i the black death cont7
I. The Black Death (cont)
  • Cheapening of human life
  • Persecution of Jews
  • Marriage no longer delayed
  • Limited employment opportunities for women
  • Departure from the Middle Ages?
ii the hundred years war 1337 1453
II. The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
  • Combatants, length and location of the War
  • Causes of the War
  • Course of the War
  • Differences between the English and French forces
  • Battle of Crecy (1346)
ii the hundred years war cont
II. The Hundred Years War (cont)
  • The Battle of Poitiers (1356)
  • Henry V gains the field at Agincourt (1415)
  • Background of Joan of Arc
  • Joan’s meeting with the French dauphin
ii the hundred years war cont10
II. The Hundred Years War (cont)
  • Joan is victorious at Orleans (1429)
  • Joan provided inspiration and national unity
  • Capture, trial and execution of Joan of Arc
  • The masculinity of Joan’s dress and bearing
ii the hundred years war cont11
II. The Hundred Years War (cont)
  • Gunpowder warfare is introduced into Europe
  • Development of the English Parliament
  • Peasants and non-nobles constituted a new infantry
  • Departure from the Middle Ages?
ii the hundred years war cont12
II. The Hundred Years War (cont)
  • Superiority of mounted knight undermined by new weapons
  • Increased nationalism
  • Centralization of French monarchy
  • Destruction of peasant farmland
  • English clothing industry emerges
iii appearance of vernacular literature
III. Appearance of Vernacular Literature
  • Dante’s Divine Comedy (1321)
  • Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales (1387-1400)
  • Vernacular Translations of the Bible

--John Wycliffe (mid-14th century)

iii vernacular literature cont
III. Vernacular Literature (cont)

--Later John Hus and William Tyndale

  • Christine de Pizan (1364-1430)

--Book of the City of Ladies (1404)

  • Departure from the Middle Ages?
iv fur collar crime and peasant revolts
IV. Fur Collar Crime and Peasant Revolts
  • “Fur Collar” Crime
  • Factions of nobles develop and the instability of European thrones

-- “War of the Roses” in England (early 1400’s)

  • Peasant Revolts flared up in this environment
iv peasant revolts cont
IV. Peasant Revolts (cont)
  • The Jacquerie (1358--France)
  • Wat Tyler’s Rebellion (1381--England)
  • The preaching of John Ball
  • Urban Rebellion

--Ciompi Revolt (1378—Florence)

  • Departure from Middle Ages?
v the decline of papal prestige cont
V. The Decline of Papal Prestige (cont)
  • Increasing resistance against the power of Rome
  • Humiliation of Pope Boniface VIII (early 14th Century)
  • Papal Bull Unam Sanctam (1302)
  • The “Babylonian Captivity” in Avignon (1309-1377)
v the decline of papal prestige cont18
V. The Decline of Papal Prestige (cont)
  • Indulgences and Purgatory
  • Wealth and politics of the Avignon Popes
  • “The Great Schism” (1378-1417)
  • The Conciliar Movement

--Council of Pisa (1409)

v the decline of papal prestige cont19
V. The Decline of Papal Prestige (cont)
  • Council of Constance (1414)
  • Pope Pius II condemns appeals to Councils in 1460
  • Results of the Conciliar Movement
  • Critique of Papal Power
v the decline of papal prestige cont20
V. The Decline of Papal Prestige (cont)
  • John of Paris, On Kingly and Papal Power (1302)
  • Marsiglio’s The Defender of the Peace (1324)
  • Growing separation of faith and politics
  • Departure from the Middle Ages?
vi new inventions and artistic patterns
VI. New Inventions and Artistic Patterns
  • The mechanical clock (14th Century)
  • Time was no longer the province of God or the church. It was now controlled by man for his profit.
  • New kind of realism in art

--Giotto (1266-1337)

vii 14 th century heresies
VII. 14th Century Heresies
  • Earlier Heresies

--Waldensians

--Albigensians (Cathars)

  • Criticisms of the Church
  • John Wycliffe (d. 1384—England)
vii 14 th century heresies cont
VII. 14th Century Heresies (cont)
  • Lollards
  • John Hus (d. 1415—Bohemia)
  • Wycliffe influenced Hus
  • Condemned by the Council of Constance
  • Departure from the Middle Ages?
viii rejection of scholasticism
VIII. Rejection of Scholasticism
  • Reason and faith are not complementary
  • Rejection of scholasticism liberates both reason and faith
  • William of Ockham (1285-c. 1349—England)

--Empiricist

viii rejection of scholasticism cont
VIII. Rejection of Scholasticism (cont)
  • “Ockham’s Razor”
  • Proclaims unknowability of the divine
  • Supports “Spiritual Franciscans”
  • Argues for the autonomy of the secular state
  • Departure from the Middle Ages?