F o r m & F u n c T i o N - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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F o r m & F u n c T i o N

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  1. Form&FuncTioN

  2. What is a skeleton? A skeleton consists of the bones that make up the framework of a body.

  3. Exercise directions In this exercise, we will be looking at the form and function of different skeletons and how they suit the lifestyle of those animals. Let’s try a few examples.

  4. observations Making Observations: Take a few minutes to make some observations about the form of this animal.

  5. example For example, you might say…. Short arms with finger-like appendages Long, thick-boned tail that reaches to the ground Elongated rear limbs with shorter bones connecting them to the pelvis. Large feet

  6. inferences Making Inferences: To make an inference means to draw conclusions from your observations. What are some functions of these structures??

  7. Some questions you might start with are… What are the arms used for? Why is the tail so long and sturdy? How might long, skinny legs help it move? Why are the feet so large?

  8. Can you guess the animal?

  9. Kangaroo!

  10. How does form relate to function? Click on a part of the animal to find out

  11. Adaptations

  12. An adaptationis a characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce in its environment. Can you identify a structure that serves as an adaptation for a kangaroo?

  13. Let’s try another example…

  14. Make some observations about this skeleton

  15. Observations: • Hoofed feet • Thing, long legs • Long neck • Short, skinny tail

  16. Make some observations about this skeleton

  17. Observations: • -Thick beak • Elongated, skinny legs • Three skinny toes • Long, tapered neck

  18. Make some inferences about the functions of these skeletal structures:

  19. Can you guess the animals?

  20. Flamingo Giraffe

  21. Click on parts of each animal to learn about their adaptations.

  22. How do the similar structures of these two animals serve as different adaptations to their environments?

  23. Think about some adaptations in the next example…..

  24. Observations?

  25. Observations: • Long tail • Small skull • Short limbs • Five toes per foot • Body set low to the ground

  26. Observations?

  27. Observations: • Elongated torso • Short limbs • Small skull • Body set low to the ground • Front feet larger than back feet • Five toes

  28. Can you make some inferences about the structures of these two animals?

  29. Can you guess the animals?

  30. Gila Monster Iguana

  31. Click on a part of the animal to learn about these adaptations.. Gila Monster Iguana

  32. How do these structures have similar and different adaptations?

  33. Homologous Structures

  34. A homologous structure is a characteristic shared by related species that has been inherited from a common ancestor. See example

  35. In this next example, take note of any homologous structures that could support an ancestral link between these two animals.

  36. Observations?

  37. Observations: • Small skull with sharp teeth. • Forelimbs proportional to rear limbs. • - Long tail • - Four paws with claws.

  38. Observations?

  39. Observations: - Large skull with protruding fangs. - Prominent front and rear claws. - Broad shoulder blades - Dense forelimbs - Long tail

  40. Make some inferences about the structures of these two animals.

  41. Can you guess the animals?

  42. Cat Lion

  43. Cats and Lions are closely related species, therefore, they exhibit structures called “homologous structures”

  44. Can you identify some homologous structures between cats and lions?

  45. Analogous Structures

  46. Analogous structures are two structures with the same function but no evolutionary link. See example

  47. Observations?

  48. Observations: • Hard, outer shell • Small skull • No visible teeth • Four toes • Thin forelimbs and back limbs

  49. Observations?