The Birth, Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ: The Evidence
The Birth of Jesusin Bethlehem of Judea Foretold by the prophet Micah Micah 5:2: ‘You O BETHLEHEM Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of JUDAH, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over ISRAEL.’
Jesus was the Lion of Judah Genesis 49:9-10-You are a lion's cub, O Judah; you return from the prey, my son. Like a lion he crouches and lies down, like a lioness--who dares to rouse him? The sceptre will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his.
Prophecy that Jesus was the long awaited Messiah Isaiah 9: 6-7 ‘ For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this.’
The Virgin Birth was Foretold by Isaiah Isaiah 7:14 ‘The Lord himself will give you a sign. The Virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son and will call him Immanuel (God with us).
Luke 2:26 The angel Gabriel told Mary: ‘ You will be with child and give birth to a son. You are to give him the name Jesus.’ ‘How will this be’, Mary asked the angel ‘ since I am a virgin?’ ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one will to be born will be called the Son of God.’
Signs in the Sky marking the Birth of Jesus The stars showed the constellation Virgo "birthing" the new moon. The star ‘Regulus’ circled Jupiter (The King planet) 3 times signifying the coronation of the KING. The triple conjunction took place at a new moon marking the Jewish New Year ‘Rosh Hashana’. It took place within Leo, showing a connection with the Jewish tribe of Judah (and prophecies of the Jewish Messiah).
The Star of Bethlehem Signified birth. Signified kingship. It had a connection with the Jewish nation. It rose in the east, like other stars. It appeared at a precise time. Herod didn't know when it appeared, only expert Magi astronomers. It lasted for several months. It was ahead of the Magi as they went south from Jerusalem to Bethlehem.
Who were the Wise Men? The Magi may have been Jewish wise men or astronomers descended from Jews living in Babylon during the Exile. They were probably familiar with Daniels’ prophecy: Daniel 9:25: "Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, (Messiah) the ruler, comes, there will be seven 'sevens,' and sixty-two 'sevens.' It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.26 After the sixty-two 'sevens,' the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. (crucified)
Amazingly Revelation 12:1-5 describes the celestial picture: ‘Agreat and wondrous sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head. She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth. Then another sign appeared in heaven: an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads. (Satan) His tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to the earth. The dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that he might devour her child the moment it was born. She gave birth to a son, a male child, who will rule all the nations with an iron sceptre.’..
Eye Witness Accounts of the Death and Resurrection: The Gospels and Paul’s Letters These were written by the disciples and apostles, each from a slightly different perspective
The Trials of Jesus (Luke 22:66-71, 23:1-25) Jesus was tried for: blasphemy by the Jewish leaders, for saying He was the ‘Son of God.’ by King Herod. Pilate, the Roman Governor, for sedition i.e. for saying He was the ‘ King of the Jews.’ He was scourged and crucified.
Jesus was too weak from the scourging to to carry His cross ‘As they led Him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.’ (Luke 23:26)
Isaiah’s Prophecy about the Crucifixion (Isaiah 53: 1-5) ‘Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.’
David’s Prophetic and Graphic Description of the Crucifixion in Psalm 22 ‘But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by men and despised by the people. All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: "He trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him..... Do not be far from me, for trouble is near and there is no one to help. Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me. Roaring lions tearing their prey open their mouths wide against me. I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint. My heart has turned to wax; it has melted away within me. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death. Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.’ (verses 6- 18)
Isaiah’s Prophecy about the Crucifixion (Isaiah 53: 6- 9) ‘We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken. He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.’
Isaiah’s Prophecy about the Crucifixion (Isaiah 53: 10-12) ‘Yet it was the LORD's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand. After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light [of life] and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.’
The Crucifixion: Scriptures fulfilled ‘But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not one of his bones will be broken," and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced.“ (John 19:35)
The Crucifixion: Jesus’ Words from the Cross were recorded ‘Dear woman, here is your son’,(John) and to the disciple ‘ here is your mother.’(Mary) (John 19: 26-27) ‘I am thirsty’ (John 19:28) ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’( Matthew 27:46, Psalm 22:1) ‘It is finished.’ ‘Father, into your hands I commit my spirit’.(Luke 23:46)
The Sign over the Cross The sign was written in Hebrew, Latin and Greek. It was probably large and could be easily read from the busy road by the Damascus Gate. Jesus was the "featured criminal" and was sentenced to death under Roman Law for "sedition against the Roman state", and under Jewish law for "the sin of blasphemy.“
Name Of God Written Over The Cross Pilate wrote a title and had it put it on the Cross: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS". "JESUS OF NAZARETH, ( John 19: 19) In Hebrew YeshuaHa'NazareiW'MelechHa'Yehudim“ In code ‘YHWH’, the Name of God, which was blasphemous to the Sanhedrin. "Therefore the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but, 'He said, "I am the King of the Jews".' Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written.” (John 19:21-22)
Blood on the Mercy Seat: Ron Wyatt’s Discoveries Ron Wyatt, an amateur bible archaeologist from Tennessee, claimed to have discovered the Ark of the Covenant 20 feet below Golgotha, the crucifixion site in 1982. He found blood on the west side of the Mercy Seat of the Ark of the Covenant, which he believed had trickled down a crack caused by the earthquake on the day of the Crucifixion.
Blood on the Mercy Seat This fulfilled Leviticus 16:15-16, where the High Priest would go into the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur): "He shall then slaughter the goat for the sin offering for the people and take its blood behind the curtain and do with it as he did with the bull's blood: He shall sprinkle it on the atonement cover and in front of it. In this way he will make atonement for the Most Holy Place because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israelites, whatever their sins have been. He is to do the same for the Tent of Meeting, which is among them in the midst of their uncleanness.”
AFTER THE CRUCIFIXION The body of Jesus was taken down from the cross The disciples took Jesus' Body down from the Cross shortly after His death at 3 pm. They had only three hours during which to bury Jesus' Body, before the start of the Passover at 6 pm. They therefore had to act quickly, and did not have time for the full Jewish traditional burial in "windings", which took many hours.
Jesus’ Body was laid in the Tomb of Joseph of Arimathea Joseph of Arimathea, a member of the Sanhedrin, asked Pilate for Jesus’ body. ‘He took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. He rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb.’ (Matthew 27: 59-60).
The Garden TombGeneral Gordon discovered this rock tomb near Golgotha, the place of crucifixion in 1883. It is believed to be the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea, where Jesus was buried. There is a groove for a rolling stone, which would have covered the entrance, a crack in the rock probably caused by an earthquake and a cross on the wall, a sign indicating that the early church met here!
The Empty Tomb ‘Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance.. Simon Peter saw the strips of linen lying there as well as the burial cloth that had been around Jesus’ head. The cloth was folded up by itself separate from the linen.’ (John 20:1, 6-7a)
After His Resurrection, Jesus Christ appeared to the disciples in Jerusalem and Galilee:- He appeared to Mary at the Tomb and the disciples, showing them His hands and side. He showed His scars to ‘Doubting Thomas,’ (John 20). He talked to disciples on the road to Emmaus ( Luke 24:13-49) and He cooked breakfast for the disciples on the lakeside. (John 21)
After His Resurrection, Jesus Christ appeared to:- Mary Magdalene by the Tomb(John 20:10-18) Mary and the other women (Matthew 28:1-10) Peter (1 Corinthians 15:5) 2 disciples on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-35) 10 disciples (Luke 24:36-49) 11 disciples in a room (John 20:24-31) 7 disciples by the Sea of Galilee (John 21) all the disciples (Matthew 28:16-20) 500 people (1 Corinthians 15:6) James (1 Corinthians 15:7) all the disciples again before He ascended to Heaven (Acts 1:4-8) accompanied by two men in white clothes (possibly Moses and Elijah) Saul on his way to Damascus (Acts 9:1-9) who became Paul.
Josephus recorded Jesus’ appearance on the Third Day Flavius Josephus was a Jewish Pharisee and Jewish historian born in 37 AD. He wrote: "Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works ... Pilate ... condemned him to the cross ... he appeared to them alive again on the third day."
‘After His suffering, he showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God.’ (Acts 1:3)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------‘That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched - this we proclaim concerning the Word of Life.’ (1 John 1:1) Concerning the crucifixion: ‘The man who saw it has given testimony. And his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth and he testifies so that you also may believe’. (John 19:35)
The Evidence for the Shroud of Turin being Jesus’ Burial Cloth The mysterious shroud bears faint ghostly images of a crucified man, with all the wounds of scourging and crucifixion. It has undergone a huge number of tests to prove its authenticity.
The Shroud was a ‘Sindon’ like Mark’s Cloak A ‘Sindon’ (Greek) was a large flat piece of linen cloth. "Now a certain young man followed Him, having a linen cloth (Sindon) thrown around his naked body. And the young men laid hold of him, and he left the linen and fled from them naked.“ (Mark 14:51,52) This was in contrast to the usual winding cloth (Greek: Keiriais) used to wrap Lazarus' body: "And he who had died came out bound hand and foot with grave clothes, (Greek: Keiriais) and his face was wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, "Loose him, and let him go.”(John 11.44)
The Shroud of Turin: the Burial Cloth of Jesus It is a large piece of yellow coloured linen 14 feet 3 inches long and 3 feet, 7 inches wide. There are also blood marks present on the scalp, right chest wall, both wrists and both ankles. It been kept in a silver chest in the Chapel of the Holy Shroud in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Turin, Italy, since 1578.
The Image on the Shroud of Turin was supernaturally created at the Resurrection Soft X- Rays may have been Radiated at the Resurrection An excess of C-14 isotope was present in the Shroud. The Image on the Shroud pre-dated all other X-ray radiographs by nearly 1,900 years!
The Resurrection was similar to the Transfiguration-a phenomenon caused by a supernatural emission of light and subatomic particles moving at the speed of light. During the Transfiguration, Jesus Christ's Body became as bright as the sun and His clothes as white as light. It is believed that Jesus also entered Eternity, as evidenced by the appearance of Moses and Elijah.
At the speed of light Time ceases to exist, and Eternity is entered. We believe that as Jesus' Body entered Eternity, Time ceased to exist the molecules of His Body were moving at the speed of light emitting both light and subatomic particles. this radiation was possibly similar to cosmic radiation. We are told in the Bible that "God is Light" (1 John 1:5). The Shroud almost certainly became "as white as light". Moses' face shone with light, so we believe that The Shroud probably also shone with light. according to Theoretical Physics:
THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPH OF THE SHROUD IN 1898 Interest in the Shroud dramatically increased when the Italian photographer, SecundoPia, took the first photograph of the Shroud in 1898. Both pictures above have a mixture of photo-positive and photo-negative images. The picture on the left is a photo-positive picture of the face on the Shroud, with red blood marks from the Crown of Thorns. There is a faint image of a face, which is in photo-negative, making it difficult to understand.
The Blood Stains There are blood marks on the scalp, both wrists, the right chest wall, and both ankles. There are multiple laceration wounds from the scourging. The blood is Type AB, the rarest blood group. It contains a high level of bright red Bilirubin, a bile pigment, found in high levels in the blood of torture victims.
Scourge marks on the back and lower limbs shown on Photo Images White photo-negative images indicate profuse bleeding from the wounds in the scalp, and feet. This is because the Blood of Jesus Christ actually stained the Shroud, before the Image was created at His Resurrection.
Piercing the Chest There is a large blood stain over the right chest wall area, consistent with the post mortem wound to the chest. There is a penetrating skin wound in the right chest wall produced by a sharp puncturing instrument, almost certainly a Roman spear. The spear wound is between the 5th and 6th Right ribs.
The Nailing of the Hands 1 In mediaeval paintings the nails were always painted inserted into the palms, rather than the wrists. Experiments on dead bodies shows that the weight of a human body cannot be supported by nails through both palms.
The Nailing of the Hands 2 Examination of the area of the hands shows the left hand over the right hand (remember the image is transposed in a photo - negative image). There is also a puncture wound in both wrists, from which blood is seeping, draining up both forearms on the Shroud.
The Nailing of the Feet The feet were crossed over and one long nail driven through both feet. The image on the right is an X-ray showing the probable position of the nail, between the 2nd and 3rd Metatarsal spaces.
The Crown of Thorns- arrows show the copious blood flow on the head The crown was probably made from a bush of thorns from the Lote bush, which grows wild in the Jerusalem area. The thorns are up to two inches long, and caused profuse bleeding. Mark 15:17-18: "And they clothed Him with purple; and they twisted a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and began to salute Him, "Hail, King of the Jews!"
Pollen and spores from 58 species have been identified. 20 are known to grow in Jerusalem itself and 8 others grow in the vicinity in the Judean desert or the Dead Sea area. Professor Danin found a high density of pollen grains on the shroud which he identified as Tumbleweed GUNDELIA TOURNEF & ZYGOPHYLLUM DUMOSUM. These two species co-exist in a limited area only, in Israel. Pollen Grains found on the Shroud
Professor Alan Whanger's research seems to indicate that the coins placed over the anatomical eyelids on the Shroud were both minted by Pontius Pilate in the year AD 29. It was Jewish custom to place small coins over the eyes of a dead body, to keep the eyelids closed.( Jean-Philippe Fontanille of www.menorahcoinproject.org) The Coins Over The Eyes On The Shroud
3-D Images from the Shroud Mask In 1976 it was discovered that a photograph of the Shroud produced a three dimensional image when placed under a VP8 Image Analysing Computer.