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The United Nations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The United Nations. What is the United Nations?. An International Organization Facilitates cooperation in: International Law International Security Economic Development Social Progress Human Rights World Peace. Quick Facts:. Founded October 24 th , 1945 Replaced League of Nations

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what is the united nations
What is the United Nations?
  • An International Organization
  • Facilitates cooperation in:
    • International Law
    • International Security
    • Economic Development
    • Social Progress
    • Human Rights
    • World Peace
quick facts
Quick Facts:
  • FoundedOctober 24th, 1945
  • Replaced League of Nations
  • Currently has 193 Member States
    • Excluding the Vatican City
6 organs of the un
6 Organs of the UN
  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Secretariat
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The UN Trusteeship Council
the general assembly
The General Assembly
  • Main deliberative body for the UN
  • All nations participate
  • Have one vote each
  • Meets annually; all members address the assembly
  • Approves Budgetary Matters
  • Makes recommendations on matters within the scope of the UN (excluding matters for the UNSC)
general assembly committees
General Assembly Committees
  • 1st Committee: Disarmament and International Security (DISEC)
  • 2nd Committee: Economic and Financial (ECOFIN)
  • 3rd Committee: Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian (SOCHUM)
  • 4th Committee: Special Political and Decolonization (SPECPOL)
  • 5th Committee: Administrative and Budgetary
  • 6th Committee: Legal Committee
the security council
The Security Council
  • 15 Members
    • 5 Permanent (US, UK, France, Russia, China)
    • 10 Non-permanent Members (2 year terms)
  • Veto Power
  • Presidency of SC rotates each month
  • Charged with maintaining peace and security
  • Has power to make “binding decisions”
the un secretariat
The UN Secretariat
  • Headed by the Secretary-General
  • Current Sec-Gen is _________?
  • Provides studies, info, and facilities needed by UN bodies for meetings
  • Completes tasks as directed by other UN bodies
secretary general
Secretary-General
  • Can set UNSC agenda
  • “Chief Administrative Officer”
  • Currently acts as a diplomat and mediator addressing disputes between states
  • Appointed by the GA
  • 5 year terms
secretary generals
Secretary-Generals

Trygve Lie, Dag Hammarskjold, U Thant, Kurt Waldheim, Javier Perez de Cuellar, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Kofi Annan, and Ban Ki-Moon.

international court of justice
International Court of Justice
  • Located in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Primary Judicial Organ of UN
  • Founded in 1945
  • Hears disputes among states
  • NOT the ICC – tries people who commit war crimes
    • Independent of the UN
economic and social council
Economic and Social Council
  • Promotes economic and social cooperation
  • 54 members
    • 3 year terms
    • Elected by the GA
  • Gathers info, advises member nations, makes recommendations
  • Coordinates the overlapping functions of UN bodies
some notable specialized agencies of the un
Some Notable Specialized Agencies of the UN
  • IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
  • IMF: International Monetary Fund
  • UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • WHO: World Health Organization
  • WFP: World Food Program
peacekeeping security
Peacekeeping Security
  • Military forces of the UN
  • Only deployed after UNSC approval
  • Used to Maintain Peace
  • More than 60 operations since Cold War
    • 90,000 peacekeepers deployed
  • Operations in Rwanda, Yugoslavia, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Mozambique, and more…
  • Supposed to be “neutral”
funding for the un
Funding for the UN
  • Members Pay Dues
  • Top 10 donators to the UN budget, 2011

United States 22.000%

Japan 12.530%

Germany 8.018%

United Kingdom 6.604%

France 6.123%

Italy 4.999%

Canada 3.207%

China 3.189%

Spain 3.177%

Mexico 2.356%

Other member states 27.797%

the role of the un today
The Role of the UN Today
  • Promoting Peace and Security
  • Forum for Dialogue
  • Is it Effective?