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The United Nations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The United Nations. UN Charter. UN established in 1945, San Francisco Meeting 51 member countries originally 191 member countries today Inter-government organization UN charter Principle of sovereignty Principle of non-intervention Collective security

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un charter
UN Charter
  • UN established in 1945, San Francisco Meeting
    • 51 member countries originally
    • 191 member countries today
  • Inter-government organization
  • UN charter
    • Principle of sovereignty
    • Principle of non-intervention
    • Collective security
    • National self determination, but secondary to sovereignty
international institutions aka international regimes
International Institutions(AKA International Regimes)
  • International law
    • UN Security Council Resolution, Treaties
  • International organizations/agencies
    • UN, World Bank, World Trade Organization
  • Soft law/rules
    • UN General Assembly resolutions
  • International norms, principles, practices
    • Free commerce, sovereignty, accountability, anti-apartheid, human rights, women’s rights
un core institutions
UN Core Institutions
  • General Assembly
    • One country, one vote, two-thirds majority
    • Resolutions
    • Budget
  • Security Council
    • 5 permanent members
    • 10 rotating members
    • Decision: 9 out of 15
  • UN Secretariat
    • Secretary General
specialized programs
Specialized Programs
  • United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
  • United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
  • Unite Nations Development Program (UNDP)
  • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
specialized agencies
Specialized Agencies
  • World Health Organization (WHO)
  • International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
  • World Bank Group
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • Etc., etc…
un and conflict prevention
UN and Conflict Prevention
  • Cold War
    • SC blocked by bi-polar interests
  • Collective Security action
    • Gulf war 1991
  • US hegemony and intervention without authorization
    • Kosovo 1999
    • Iraq 2003
un reform
UN Reform
  • Budget
    • US went from 30% to 25%, Japan seeks to reduce
  • Human Rights Commission
    • Membership by countries that violate HR
  • Security Council