SOL Review Question:. Abraham Lincoln believed- Preservation of the Union was more important than punishing the South Southern states should establish a new and separate country Slavery was necessary for the survival of the United States Women should be allowed to vote.
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Abraham Lincoln believed-
President Wilson wanted the U.S. to remain neutral but neutrality became impossible to maintain…
1. The United States had strong economic and political ties to Great Britain. The U.S. was under pressure to help Great Britain.
2. In May 1915, a German U-boat (submarine) torpedoed the British passenger ship Lusitania, killing 1,198 people including 128 Americans. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson demanded that Germany stop unrestricted submarine warfare. Germany agreed- temporarily.
TRAVELLERS intending to embark on the Atlantic voyage are reminded that a state of war exists between Germany and her allies and Great Britain and her allies; that the zone of war includes the waters adjacent to the British Isles; that, in accordance with formal notice given by the Imperial German Government, vessels flying the flag of Great Britain, or any of her allies, are liable to destruction in those waters and that travellers sailing in the war zone on the ships of Great Britain or her allies do so at their own risk. IMPERIAL GERMAN EMBASSY,Washington, D.C. 22nd April 1915
3. The Zimmermann Telegram also angered America. In it, Germany proposed that Mexico join the Germans. In exchange, Germany would help Mexico get back its “lost” territories of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
We intend to begin on the 1st of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you. You will inform the President of the above most secretly as soon as the outbreak of war with the United States of America is certain and add the suggestion that he should, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence and at the same time mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call the President's attention to the fact that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England in a few months to make peace. Signed, Zimmermann.
4. In January 1917, Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare. German submarines sank 3 American ships knowing full well that it would bring the United States into the war!
The United States could remain neutral no longer. In April 1917, the U.S. declared war on Germany & the Central Powers.