thursday lecture fruits and nuts of temperate regions ii n.
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Thursday Lecture – Fruits and Nuts of Temperate Regions II. Reading: Textbook, Chapter 3. OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT What are the tropics? - define and explain this term, especially as it applies to the factors that affect the growth of plants, including economically important ones.

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slide2

OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT

What are the tropics? - define and explain this term, especially as it applies to the factors that affect the growth of plants, including economically important ones.

Due Tuesday, Feb. 8 - return as hard copy or by e-mail

slide7

Quiz

  • Fill in the blank. An ovule develops into a(n) _____
  • An ovary develops into a(n) _____
  • Which of the following is actually a berry:
  • strawberry
  • raspberry
  • blackberry
  • blueberry
  • cherry
temperate fruit nut crops
Temperate Fruit & Nut Crops
  • Rosaceae – Rose Family
  • Apples, Pears, and Quinces
  • Plums, Cherries, Peaches, Apricots, Almonds
  • Strawberries, Raspberries, Blackberries
  • Blueberries & Cranberries
  • Grapes
  • Olives
  • Kiwi Fruit
  • Walnuts & Pecans
  • Pistachios

See Tables 3.2, p. 55; Table 3.5, p. 62-63

berries that are not really berries
Berries that are not really berries

Brambles – raspberries and blackberries

Fruit = aggregate of small drupes (drupelets)

berries that are not really berries1
Berries that are not really berries

Raspberry – receptacle stays behind when fruit detached

Blackberry – receptacle detaches with fruit

Black raspberry

Blackberry

Loganberry

Boysenberry

berries that are not really berries2
Berries that are not really berries

Strawberry - Fragaria

See Fig. 3.8, p. 66

berries that are not really berries3
Berries that are not really berries

Strawberry - Fragaria

A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World.

See Fig. 3.8, p. 66

berries that are not really berries4
Berries that are not really berries

Strawberry - Fragaria

A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World.

Old World: woodland strawberry 2x

See Fig. 3.8, p. 66

berries that are not really berries5
Berries that are not really berries

Strawberry - Fragaria

A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World.

Old World: woodland strawberry 2x

New World: North America 8x

South America 8x

See Fig. 3.8, p. 66

berries that are not really berries6
Berries that are not really berries

Strawberry - Fragaria

A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World.

Old World: woodland strawberry 2x

New World: North America 8x

South America 8x

New World species  Old World, hybridize in gardens

See Fig. 3.8, p. 66

berries that are not really berries7
Berries that are not really berries

Strawberry - Fragaria

A polyploid origin involving both New and Old World.

Old World: woodland strawberry 2x

New World: North America 8x

South America 8x

New World species  Old World, hybridize in gardens

 Fragaria x ananassa Garden strawberry

See Fig. 3.8, p. 66

berries that are really berries1

Blueberry

Berries that are really Berries

See Fig. 3.9, p. 67

Cranberry

another popular berry
Another Popular Berry

Flowers

Grapes - Vitis

See Fig. 3.11, p. 68

Vineyard grapes

Muscadine grapes

Table grapes

a berry with an accent
A Berry with an Accent

See Fig. 3.14, p. 70

Kiwi Fruit – Actinidia deliciosa (original common name = Chinese gooseberry)

Note: some individuals can be allergic to kiwi

drupes again
Drupes Again

See Fig. 3.12, p. 68

Olive – Olea europea

nuts to you

Walnuts

Pecans

Nuts to You

See Fig. 3.15, 3.16, p. 70-71

more nuts

See Figs. 3.17, 3.18, p. 72

More Nuts

Chestnut - Castanea

Hazelnut

nuts that are not nuts
Nuts that are not nuts

Almond - Prunus

Fig. 3.19, p. 73;

Figs. 3.20, 3.21, p. 74

Pistachio – Pistacia vera

citrus
Citrus

See Fig. 4.1, p. 79

citrus fruit hesperidium
Citrus fruit = hesperidium

Hesperidium = special type of berry (name from the Hesperides, sisters in the garden of Hera, visited by Hercules)

citrus crops
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

citrus crops1
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

citrus crops2
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other)

citrus crops3
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other)

Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon)

citrus crops4
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other)

Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon)

Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima)

Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia)

citrus crops5
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other)

Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon)

Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima)

Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia)

Pummelo – C. maxima

citrus crops6
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other)

Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon)

Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima)

Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia)

Pummelo – C. maxima

Tangerine, Mandarine, Clementine – C. reticulata

citrus crops7
Citrus Crops

Citron – C. medica

Grapefruit – C. paradisi (hybrid – C. maxima x C. sinensis)

Lemon – C. limon (trihybrid – C. medica, C. maxima, other)

Lime – C. aurantifolia (trihybrid, like lemon)

Orange, bitter – C. aurantinum (C. reticulata x C. maxima)

Orange, sweet – C. sinensis (C. reticulata x C. maximia)

Pummelo – C. maxima

Tangerine, Mandarine, Clementine – C. reticulata

Uglifruit – hybrid, C. paradisi x C. reticulata

yes we have no bananas
Yes, We Have No Bananas

See Fig. 4.17, p. 94

banana republics
Banana Republics

Banana wars

Strain European-US relations

From "L'Italo Americano," March 11, 1999

GENEVA (AP) - The European Union has filed a complaint against the United States before the World Trade Organization, saying U.S. moves to impose sanctions in a dispute over bananas violate global trading rules.

Wheat: 1300 lbs/acre Corn: 2,800 lbs/acre Bananas: 18,000 lbs/acre

Late 19th-mid-20th century – U.S. Interventions in Central America

1990s – disputes over tariffs with World Trade Organization

pineapples the multiple fruit
Pineapples – The Multiple Fruit

Ananas comosus - Bromeliaceae

See Fig. 4.16, p. 93