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Native Americans. Eastern Woodland Tribes. The Eastern Woodland Area is located from Canada in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south and from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Mississippi River in the west.

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

The Eastern Woodland Area is located from Canada in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south and from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Mississippi River in the west.

slide4

This area contains coasts, rivers, lakes, mountains, valleys, plateau, and low plains. The entire region was covered in forests.

slide5

The people were divided into 3 groups:

  • Algonquian and Great Lake Tribes
  • Iroquois
  • Creek Confederacy
slide6

The Algonquian group lived in the northeast. They were mostly hunters, but did some farming. They made clothes from elk and deer hides.

The Algonquian group

lived in wigwams.

They loved to make dreamcatchers.

slide7

The Great Lake Tribes were in the northeast. They were hunters, farmers, and ate wild rice. Their clothes were made from elk and deer hides. The Indians in the Great Lake region lived in wigwams.

slide8

The Iroquois tribes lived in the

northeast. They were hunters and farmers.

Their clothes were made from deer skin.

The Iroquois lived in longhouses.

slide9

The Cherokee and Seminole Indians belonged to the group called the Creek Confederacy. They lived in the southeast and were farmers and hunters.

They lived in homes made of wood and/or thatch.

Their clothes were made from hides and plant fibers.

slide10

Southwest

Indians

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The Southwest region covered the area which in now Utah and Colorado through Arizona and New Mexico into parts of Texas and California. This area contained steep-walled canyons, plateaus, and sandy deserts. To the south were mountains. Four rivers run through this area: the Rio Grande, Colorado, Gila, and Salt.

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The Pueblos lived in the southwest. They were farmers growing mostly corn.

They lived in pueblos. These were a type of apartment building made of clay.

Their clothes made from cotton.

slide13

The Navajo lived in the southwest. In the early years they were hunters and trappers. Later the Navajo became shepherds and farmers. Their clothes were made from hides. Later they copied the clothes of Mexicans.

The Navajo became

expert weavers.

Navajo Indians lived in hogans.

slide14

The Apache lived in the southwest.

Their clothes were made from deer hides. Later they copied the clothes of Mexicans.

They were raiders and hunters.

They lived in a thatched wickiup. They had one in the mountains and one in the desert.

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Northwest

Coastal

Tribes

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The Northwest Coastal Indians lived in what is now Alaska along the Pacific Ocean down the coast to Northern California. This area contains small islands, deep inlets, and narrow beaches. Mountains rise to the shore.

Thick forests of spruce, cedar, and fir cover the land. Many rivers and streams cross this area.

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The Northwest Coastal Indians lived in the northwest. They were fishermen, hunters and gathered food from the forests.

The Northwest Indians lived in plank homes. They placed totem poles in front of their homes.

Little clothing was wore in the summer. In the winter they made clothing from fiber, and skins, and basket hats.

slide18

The

Far

North

slide20

The Inuit people(Eskimos)lived in far north. They made their clothes from seal and caribou hides.

They were fishermen and hunters.

Inuit people made igloos when out hunting. Their more permanent homes were built of stone and earth.

slide21

Plains

Indians

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The Plains area reached from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to Mexico. It was hotter than 100 degrees in the summer, and could drop to 40 degrees below zero with heavy snows in the winter. This region was so dry that when it rained it often flooded. The rolling land was covered with grassland and a few mountains. Few Indians lived on the Great Plains before white men brought the horse in the 1600’s.

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The Plains Indians lived in the middle of North America.

They hunted buffalo.

Their clothes were made from buffalo hides.

Plains Indians lived in teepees.