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“FREE FIBULA OSTEOCUTANEOUS FLAP FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF MANDIBLE IN A RARE CASE OF AMELOBLASTIC CARCINOMA”. PowerPoint Presentation
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“FREE FIBULA OSTEOCUTANEOUS FLAP FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF MANDIBLE IN A RARE CASE OF AMELOBLASTIC CARCINOMA”. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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“FREE FIBULA OSTEOCUTANEOUS FLAP FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF MANDIBLE IN A RARE CASE OF AMELOBLASTIC CARCINOMA”. PRESENTED BY: DR. PRAMOD SUBASH MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY UNIT DEPT OF HEAD & NECK SURGEY AIMS KOCHI.

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“FREE FIBULA OSTEOCUTANEOUS FLAP FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF MANDIBLE IN A RARE CASE OF AMELOBLASTIC CARCINOMA”.

PRESENTED BY: DR. PRAMOD SUBASH MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY UNIT DEPT OF HEAD & NECK SURGEY AIMS KOCHI

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CASE HISTORY54 yr old man chief complaint – Swelling on lower jaw mobility of lower front tooth x 1 year HOPI - since 2 years gradually increasing in size no h/o of pain, bleeding, anesthesia/paresthesia of lip no h/o of trauma to the mandible no h/o tooth ache in relation to the lower teeth. No deleterious habits

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PAST MEDICAL HISTORY

Known case of CAD – Inferior wall MI in 1998

Developed APD

Stopped cardiac medications

Started APD treatment

Now not on any drugs

RTA 1 year back – Fractured both bones - left leg

Closed reduction done.

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EXAMINATION

  • Symmetrical face
  • Good mouth opening - 3 finger’s breadth
  • Poor oral hygiene – few missing teeth.
  • Single swelling in the lingual aspect of mandible on the left side (continuous with the bony contour of mandible), extending from left lower incisor to second premolar
  • Measuring 2 ½ x 2 cms, the swelling was firm, non-fluctuant and non-tender
  • A small ulcerated area was seen on the swelling which measured around 0.5 cms in diameter
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Expansion of buccal cortex of mandible was palpable though clinically not visible

  • There were no palpable neck nodes
  • Tooth vitality test - the involved teeth & contra lateral incisors and canines were also non-vital
investigations
INVESTIGATIONS
  • Orthopantomogram ( OPG)
differential diagnosis
DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
  • Ameloblastoma
  • Odontogenic keratocyst
  • Solitary (traumatic) bone cyst
biopsy

BIOPSY

HISTOPATHOLOGY REPORT

Diagnosis: Ameloblastic carcinoma

[As long standing history of ameloblastoma is absent, ameloblastic carcinoma could have arisen de novo from epithelial cell rests of mandible]

Incisional biopsy

ameloblastoma

Odontogenictumor

  • Locally invasive
  • Tends to recur
  • Rarely behaves aggressively or shows metastatic dissemination

AMELOBLASTOMA

PATHOGENESIS

Dental embryonic remnants i. Epithelial lining of odontogenic cyst ii. Dental lamina or enamel organ iii. Stratified squamous epithelium of oral cavity iv. Displaced epithelial remnants

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MALIGNANCY IN AMELOBLASTOMA ?

  • Malignant Ameloblastoma
  • Ameloblastomas that metastasize despite benign histological features in both primary and metastatic lesions
  • Ameloblastic carcinoma
  • - Show histologic features of both ameloblastoma and carcinoma
  • - Both primary and secondaries show histologic signs of malignancy
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AMELOBLASTIC CARCINOMA

  • No definite sex / age/ race predilection
  • Mandible most commonly involved area.
  • Usually asymptomatic
  • perforates bone
  • extends into soft tissue
  • tends to recur
  • Metastasis to regional lymph nodes
  • Most common distant metastasis to lungs
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TREATMENT PLAN

  • Wide excision (segmental mandibulectomy)
  • ? Neck dissection (Clinically N0 neck)
  • RECONSTRUCTION
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WHY RECONSTRUCTION?

“Two piece mandible”

  • Functional impairment
  • - difficulty in chewing
  • - difficulty in speech
  • - TMJ problems
  • Disfigurement
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OPTIONS FOR RECONSTRUCTION

Common

  • Mandibular Reconstruction Plate
  • Reconstruction plate and bone graft
  • e.g. Ileac crest
  • Contoured titanium trays with bone chips

Other

  • Micro-vascular free Flaps
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OPTIONS – FREE FLAPS

  • A.Scapula
  • B. Ilium
  • C. Radius
  • D. Fibula
advantages of free fibular flap
ADVANTAGES OF FREE FIBULAR FLAP
  • Long thin non weight bearing bone
  • Initially used to reconstruct long bones
  • Distant from head and neck region
  • 22 to 25 cms of bone can be harvested
  • Segmental multiple nutrient arteries to the bone ( bone can be osteotomised into smaller fragments by keeping the periosteum intact)
  • Relative ease of harvest
free fibula osteo cutaneous flap
FREE FIBULA OSTEO-CUTANEOUS FLAP
  • Based on Peroneal artery and vein
  • Skin flap receives supply from septo-cutaneous or musculo-cutaneous perforators from the Peroneal artery
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Posterior view – Lt. leg

Anterior view – Lt. leg