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International Conference 2008 24 -26 September, Mexico City. Social and Political Bodies: Blurred actors in Innovation Systems Salvador Estrada & Marco Jaso. Outline. Introduction Historical background Structural logics Empirical findings Context Sectoral influence Regional influence

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Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

International Conference 200824 -26 September, Mexico City

Social and Political Bodies: Blurred actors in Innovation SystemsSalvador Estrada & Marco Jaso


Outline
Outline

  • Introduction

  • Historical background

  • Structural logics

  • Empirical findings

    • Context

    • Sectoral influence

    • Regional influence

    • National influence

  • Conclusions


Introduction
Introduction

  • Which are their main contributions?

    • Innovation: collective task and collaboration

  • IS: Complexity

    • Labour division, organizational ecosystem, information and knowledge flows

  • Identity construction and purpose awareness processes

    • Supportive system (financial, information, communication)

    • Failure avoidance (certitude, coordination, attention, services, vision, liability and legitimation, networking and institutionalization)

  • R&D funding & management + governance  gains


Paper s objective

Insertion into complex systems

Management practices

Process of Identity construction

Collective governance

Purpose awareness

Benefit for Innovation Systems

Paper’s objective

Political and Social Bodies

Lessons upon


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

Constituent Blocks of Innovation Systems

Universities

PublicResearchCentres

InnovativeOrganisations

Supportsystem

Diffusionof Information

Social &PoliticalBodies

GovernmentalBodies

  • Orient conduct of actors

  • Provide a voice of their interests

  • Facilitate socialisation of public initiatives

  • Others


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

Common background

Heritance

  • Communication processes

    • Corporate authority

    • Norms and values setting

    • Science and society bindings

    • Lobbying

  • Scientific academies

Co-evolutionary path

  • Basic services

  • Authority demands

Two models

  • Gentlemen’s Club

  • State Agency

Historical background


Structural logics
Structural logics

Constituent blocks of IS (Galli and Teubal 1997)

Innovative (R&D performers)

Policy (political and regulatory bodies)

Supportive (bridging, social and cultural bodies)

Regional dimension

Regional Development (policy and supportive).

(1/2)


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

Structural logics

(2/2)

  • Source of Blurredness: Complexity demands on flexibility (distinctive vs. similar activities)

  • Organizational boundaries and intermediation role(Braun, Guston, Van der Meulen/ Howells, Boon et al., Klerkx and Lewis/ Galli and Teubal/ Hekkert et al.)

    • Agent-principal theory: Audit and monitoring mechanisms, multiple configurations, aggregation and mediation.

    • Intermediary functions: information intensive and networking activities

    • Institutional view: Norms, incentives, coordination, negotiaton

    • Functionalistic approach: Search guidance, resources mobilization, legitimacy creation.


Empirical evidence
Empirical evidence

(1/2)

  • Mexican case

    • S&T Policy suffered major changes

      • From strategic areas to horizontal policies

      • Tooling up instruments to link capacities with demands

      • Organizational change and new players

      • From top down to bottom up regional policies

  • Productive organizations and research centres associations

    • Market oriented policy

    • Inadequate collaboration


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

(2/2)

Empirical evidence

  • Conflicting arenas

    • Excellence vs. Relevance

    • Failure to incentive business expenditures

    • Budgetary limitations

    • Usefulness of public research

  • Regional Councils’ coalition

    • Revision of federal agreement

  • Advisory participatory based organization

    • Social pressure to audit and participate


Sectoral influence
Sectoral Influence

(1/2)

  • Productive Association (Agriculture)

    • Claims: To impose research agenda

    • Set of associations in rural sector

    • To cosponsor research and provide demand signalling by representing producers’ interests.

    • Layers of intermediation: associate assembly, Directive Board, member in diverse boards, general audience

    • Information gathering: Consultation methods, Multi-stake holder process.

    • Legitimating channel: Producers setting agenda methods.

    • Audit and monitor activities: Whole cycle of research promotion.

    • IS gains: Enhance coordination, communication mechanisms, instruments and methodologies.


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

Sectoral Influence

(2/2)

  • Research Centres' Association

    • Claims: To diminish technological dependency

    • Gentlemen’s club

    • To improve associates’ knowledge, information and communication, management instruments and training, assistance to government

    • Layers of intermediation: associate assembly, Directive Board, member in diverse boards, general audience

    • Information gathering: Consultation methods, Steering Committees.

    • Legitimating channel: Political appointment and expertise role.

    • Audit and monitor activities: Third party to prepare and command projects.

    • IS gains: Enhance coordination, communication mechanisms, instruments and methodologies.


Regional influence
Regional influence

  • Net of States’ S& T Councils

    • Claims: Promote regional back up and pool scarce resources, decentralization of funds, reject national influence on agenda

    • States’ Coalition (States’ alliance)

    • To empower negotiation with Federal Government

    • Information gathering: Consultation methods, direct surveys, focus groups, panels, gatekeep in boards

    • Audit and monitor activities: decentralized funds (projects awarded with concurrent funds)

    • IS gains: Institutional and legal framework, budget allocation and participatory policy making


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

State Councils

Guanajuato

Tabasco

Jalisco

  • Policy making and funding activities

  • Policy making and funding activities

  • Policy making and funding activities

  • Layers:multistakeholder settings

  • Layers: multistakeholder settings

  • Layers: multistakeholder settings

  • Decision making: Directive Council (private interests)

  • Decision making: scientific committee

  • Decision making: Bureaucratic structure

  • Weak representation: Technological centres

  • Weak representation: Professional bodies

  • Weak representation: Scientific academies


National influence
National influence

  • Consultative Forum

    • Claims: Governance of S&T National System

    • Meta-meta agent

    • To promote S&T and audit policy implementation

    • Layers of intermediation: Executive and Legislative Power, Federal S&T Directive Board, Economic Development agencies, Directive Board, Researchers

    • Information gathering: Consultation Fora, Working Groups

    • Legitimating channel: Consensus Building

    • Audit and monitor activities: Third Parties to solve disputes

    • IS gains: Improved communication, mutual understanding among communities, pool of expertise.


Summary and discussion
Summary and discussion

  • Multiple goal boundary associations = intermediaries

  • Conflictive governance and suitable networking

  • Variety creation mechanisms by accomplishing broad mission statements and claims

  • Selection mechanisms by distributive and shared capacity to exchange information (aligned vision)

  • Retention mechanisms by methods of dispute solving.


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

Management practices

Collective governance

Benefit for Innovation Systems

Recap on paper’s objective for Concluding

Political and Social Bodies

Lessons upon

Insertion into complex systems

Process of Identity construction

Purpose awareness


Conclusions
Conclusions

Empirical evidence provides meaningful explanation of intermediation and the following lessons

  • Little awareness to use and implement KM practices to add value to information exchange, binding resources and networks and deploy a shared vision.

  • Information gathering methods on a collective basis influence efficiency and alignment

  • Improved mechanisms for audit and monitor resources

  • IS Gains: enhanced and coordinated decision making on funding and managing R&D among several stakeholders settings.

  • S&P bodies play a catalyser role for guiding institutional change.


Social and political bodies blurred actors in innovation systems salvador estrada marco jaso

Social and Political Bodies:Blurred actors in Innovation SystemsSalvador Estrada & Marco Jaso

Thank you for listening!