Journal: Make a list of the major nations of western Europe today. Which of them do you think were important in the fifteenth century. Which ones likely made contact with the Native Americans?. Chapter 1 Section 2. The European World. Key Concepts:.
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Journal: Make a list of the major nations of western Europe today. Which of them do you think were important in the fifteenth century. Which ones likely made contact with the Native Americans?
The European World
The Europeans who came across the ocean in search of riches had a very different culture. Europe was undergoing an unprecedented period of economic and population growth as farming methods increased food supplies. The Renaissance had brought about a time of great creativity as Europeans strove for knowledge in every field. European social structure was based on wealth and power rather than on kinship relationships and had developed strong nation states that heavily competed with each other. Europeans carried those competitive values with them to their new lands in the West. They also brought with them Christianity and a strong sense of religious superiority. They believed that the Native Americans they encountered in the New World were inferior.
Europeans and Native Americans differ in ways they trade: Europeans see trade as a simple material exchange that did not create further social obligations between people. These differences lead to bitter misunderstandings when Europeans finally crossed the Atlantic.
Christian monarchs like Queen Isabella want to trade goods to Atlantic World and others, but also wants to spread Christianity.
note: Castile & Aragon (Christian control), Granada (Muslim control) Muslims defeated by Isabella who wanted religious unity.
Europeans were coming into contact with another of the cultures on the shores of the Atlantic-the culture of West Africa.