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THE DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS. History of the field. Traditional Latin and Greek through grammar translation. How to learn to speak a L2 fast?. Audiolingualism - the „Army method” Pronunciation and conversation drills Focus on speech No explanation and translation.

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Presentation Transcript
history of the field
History of the field

Traditional Latin and Greek through

grammar translation

how to learn to speak a l2 fast
How to learn to speak a L2 fast?

Audiolingualism - the „Army method”

  • Pronunciation and

conversation drills

  • Focus on speech
  • No explanation

and translation

how to define language knowledge
How to define language knowledge?

Council of Europe Language Project (John Trim)

- notions and functions for Threshold Levels

- rigorous linguistic study

intellectual basis for the development of ELT

how to best teach a langauge
How to best teach a langauge?

Behaviourism and Bloomfieldian Linguistics

  • Discrete items (Bloomfield, structuralism)
  • Contrastive analysis (Lado)
  • Conditioning

(Pavlov, Skinner)

why can t kids imitate
Why can’t kids imitate?

Cognitivism and

Generative Grammar

  • Child language research (Berko)
  • Cognitive development (Piaget)
  • LAD (Chomsky)
  • Deep structure – surface structure
  • Competence – performance
where do mistakes come from
Where do mistakes come from?

SLA research, Error Analysis and Interlanguage Theory

  • Transfer, interference, generalisation

(Corder, Selinker)

  • Input Hypothesis

(Krashen)

n r f g kicsi n met
„Én röfög kicsi német”

Communicative Competence

  • CALP and BICS (Dell Hymes)
  • Grammatical, discourse, sociocultural,strategic

competence

(Canale and Swain)

why don t we say what we mean
Why don’t we say what we mean?
  • Gricean Maxims

manner

quality

quantity

relevance

speech acts austin searle
Speech Acts (Austin, Searle)

- John, the phone is ringing!

  • I’m in the bath!
  • Locution
  • Illocution
  • Perlocution
how to read between the lines
How to read (between) the lines?
  • Joan: I mean, I don’t like this new emblem at all.

Claire: The logo.

Joan: Yeah, the castle on the Trent, It’s horrible.

Claire: Did you get a chance to talk to him.

Joan: Yeah.

Claire: How does he seem?

  • Hey diddle, diddle,

The cat and the fiddle,

The cow jumped over the moon,

The little dog laughed,

To see such fun,

And the dish ran away with the spoon.

i don t think it will work out but maybe it will be useful after all
„I don’t think it will work out – but maybe it will be useful after all.”

Contrastive rhetoric

  • Cultural thought patterns in writing (R. Kaplan)

English Semitic Oriental Romance Russian

the narrow definition of al the showpiece of linguistics
The narrow definition of AL:„the showpiece of linguistics”
  • Language teaching theory, language pedagogy
  • Testing ground for linguistics
the broad definition of al the basket of many goodies
The broad definition of AL: „the basket of many goodies”
  • Theoretical orientation:

sociolinguistics

psycholinguistics

pragmatics

L1 and L2 acquisition

discourse analysis

slide15
Practical orientation

L1 and L2 teaching

translation

discourse and conversation analysis

language planning

LSP

neurolinguistics

computational linguistics

what is applied
What is applied?

The methods and findings of various

disciplines

new definitions of linguistics
New definitions of linguistics
  • Formal linguistics (Strevens)
  • a current best theory of language exists based on linguistics
  • task of the scholar: contribute to the development of theory
  • theory determines what research is needed
  • practice should be restricted to the validated results of that theory
slide18
Communicative linguistics
    • problem-driven
    • empirically grounded
    • multi-disciplinary
    • contextualised view of language
    • functionalist approach
what is linguistics about it
What is linguistics about it?
  • AL investigates language in use
  • linguistic descriptions of language and methods of linguistic enquiry
  • aim is NOT to contribute to descriptions of language, but to solve practical problems