Life in Medieval Europe - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Life in Medieval Europe

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  1. Life in Medieval Europe MEDIEVAL NOT MEDIEVAL

  2. Feudalism

  3. Medieval Christian Art & Architecture • In a time of turmoil, cathedrals represented unity, coherence, and harmony What elements/characteristics might we see in Medieval Architecture?

  4. Chartres Cathedral

  5. Construction • $ • Taxes • Years of construction

  6. West Facade North Tower 1507-13 South Tower c. 1160 Rose Window Royal Portal c. 1145-55

  7. ChartresCruciform Plan porch ambulatory west portal transept aisle narthex nave crossing choir apse aisle transept porch chapels

  8. Nave

  9. Elevation of Nave

  10. Symbolism in Chartres • Clerestory: you gaze forward and upward • Little decoration – focus on shafts and arches

  11. Flying Buttresses

  12. Vault

  13. Royal Portal

  14. Royal Portal • West façade, c. 1145-55 • Christ Enthroned in Royal Majesty dominates the central tympanum • Calm and order prevail in the imagery of the Royal Portal in contrast to the somewhat more crowded imagery at many Romanesque churches

  15. Royal Portal • Christ in the central tympanum appears imposing but more benign than earlier representations Royal Portal, Chartres Cathedral c. 1145-55 West Portal, Cathedral of Saint-Lazare c. 1120-35