Life in Medieval Europe MEDIEVAL NOT MEDIEVAL
Medieval Christian Art & Architecture • In a time of turmoil, cathedrals represented unity, coherence, and harmony What elements/characteristics might we see in Medieval Architecture?
Construction • $ • Taxes • Years of construction
West Facade North Tower 1507-13 South Tower c. 1160 Rose Window Royal Portal c. 1145-55
ChartresCruciform Plan porch ambulatory west portal transept aisle narthex nave crossing choir apse aisle transept porch chapels
Symbolism in Chartres • Clerestory: you gaze forward and upward • Little decoration – focus on shafts and arches
Royal Portal • West façade, c. 1145-55 • Christ Enthroned in Royal Majesty dominates the central tympanum • Calm and order prevail in the imagery of the Royal Portal in contrast to the somewhat more crowded imagery at many Romanesque churches
Royal Portal • Christ in the central tympanum appears imposing but more benign than earlier representations Royal Portal, Chartres Cathedral c. 1145-55 West Portal, Cathedral of Saint-Lazare c. 1120-35