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Phoenicians. Ch. 3 Sec. 4. Origins . Phoenician society developed from the earlier Canaanites Canaanites were people who lived in parts of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria Phoenician city-states emerge around 1150BC and the rulers were Priest-Kings. Farming and Manufacturing .

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phoenicians

Phoenicians

Ch. 3 Sec. 4

origins
Origins
  • Phoenician society developed from the earlier Canaanites
  • Canaanites were people who lived in parts of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria
  • Phoenician city-states emerge around 1150BC and the rulers were Priest-Kings
farming and manufacturing
Farming and Manufacturing
  • Phoenicians manufactured a number of goods
  • Weavers created cloth that they colored with a rare purple dye made from tiny snails
  • Skilled workers made pottery and glass and metal objects
  • They used trees to make furniture and other items
phoenician traders
Phoenician Traders
  • They had few natural resources of their own, they traded with other cultures for resources and goods
  • Import: A good or service sold within a country that is produced in another country. Most Phoenician imports were raw materials: Gold, silver, tin, copper, iron, ivory and precious stones
  • Exports: A good or service produced within a country and sold outside the country’s borders. Phoenicians exported: Logs, wine, olive oil, salt, fish.
phoenicians and the sea
Phoenicians and the Sea
  • Navigation: The art of steering a ship from place to place.
  • Phoenician sailors developed a thorough knowledge of wind patterns and ocean currents to be able to sail
  • Phoenician sailors are believed to be the first people to use the North star to help guide them
colonies and city states
Colonies and City-States
  • Colony: An area ruled by a distant country
  • Phoenician sailors stopped in many harbors in the Mediterranean to refuel with supplies
  • These refueling stations soon became colonies
  • Carthage: A Phoenician colony developed into its own city-state and soon developed its own colonies.
  • Carthage grew strong from wealth and would eventually challenge the Roman Empire
legacy of the phoenicians
Legacy of the Phoenicians
  • Culture Diffusion: the spreading of cultural traits from one region to another.
  • Phoenicians developed an alphabet.
  • The alphabet had 22 symbols, each standing for a consonant sound
  • People who traded with the Phoenicians learned this alphabet
  • 500BC Greeks added letters to represent vowels.
  • Around 100BC Romans adopt the Greek alphabet and change some letters and added some letters
  • The Roman alphabet is similar to ours today.
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