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The Hittites, Minoans, and Phoenicians. Stepping Stones to the Glory Days. Hittites. About 2000 BC had several city-states in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) Around 1650 BC they joined to become an empire.

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the hittites minoans and phoenicians

The Hittites, Minoans, and Phoenicians

Stepping Stones to the Glory Days

hittites
Hittites

About 2000 BC had several city-states in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey)

Around 1650 BC they joined to become an empire.

They defeated Babylon and fought against the Egyptians for control of the Mediterranean coast

Pure Warriors with new fighting technology…Began to use iron (stronger than bronze), created chariots to move faster in battle.

Eventually the Hittites were overcome by waves of invasion and attack from many outsiders

minoans
MINOANS

2000-1400 BC

Lived on island of Crete. Why do we call them Minoans?

Major influence on Greece

Knossos was capital city, which had no fortifications. Why

Culture ends about 1200 BC. Not sure why

phoenicians
PHOENICIANS

1100 BC, Phoenicians now most powerful traders along Mediterranean

Mainly area now known as Lebanon

Made up of city states (Byblos, Tyre, Sidon)

Colonized northern Africa. What was their greatest colony?

Remarkable shipbuilders (possible voyages?)

The alphabet (where we get the word “Phonetic) (the Phoenicians were “Hooked on Phonics” )

Bankers- Set up first banking system to assist with trade

slide12

1. __________________ developed the first alphabet. A symbol became a sound at this time.

  • 2. The ________________________were considered pure warriors and had several city states in what is now Turkey.
  • 3. Which civilization was considered to be peaceful and is considered to have had a large influence on Greece?
  • 4. Why did the Hittites excel at war?
  • 5. Why did the Phoenicians set up the first banking system?