The Hittites, Minoans, and Phoenicians. Stepping Stones to the Glory Days. Hittites. About 2000 BC had several city-states in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) Around 1650 BC they joined to become an empire.
Stepping Stones to the Glory Days
About 2000 BC had several city-states in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey)
Around 1650 BC they joined to become an empire.
They defeated Babylon and fought against the Egyptians for control of the Mediterranean coast
Pure Warriors with new fighting technology…Began to use iron (stronger than bronze), created chariots to move faster in battle.
Eventually the Hittites were overcome by waves of invasion and attack from many outsiders
Lived on island of Crete. Why do we call them Minoans?
Major influence on Greece
Knossos was capital city, which had no fortifications. Why
Culture ends about 1200 BC. Not sure why
1100 BC, Phoenicians now most powerful traders along Mediterranean
Mainly area now known as Lebanon
Made up of city states (Byblos, Tyre, Sidon)
Colonized northern Africa. What was their greatest colony?
Remarkable shipbuilders (possible voyages?)
The alphabet (where we get the word “Phonetic) (the Phoenicians were “Hooked on Phonics” )
Bankers- Set up first banking system to assist with trade
1. __________________ developed the first alphabet. A symbol became a sound at this time.