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Phoenicians & Lydians

Phoenicians & Lydians

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Phoenicians & Lydians

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  1. Phoenicians & Lydians

  2. Where in the world?

  3. Who were the Phoenicians? • A loose union of city states. • Each governed by a different king. • Hills and mountains but little fertile land. • Phoenicians turned to the sea rather than inland.

  4. Ships • Small and fragile by our standards but sailors were skilled. • Propelled by sails & oars • Tyre & Sidon are both world famous seaports

  5. Empire

  6. Trade • One natural resource….wood Lebanese cedar. • Many ancient peoples used this for building. • Skilled in metal working (probably learned from the Egyptians. • They were also skilled in glassblowing

  7. Achievements • The Alphabet • Needed in order to trade effectively. • Model for later western alphabets

  8. Phoenician Purple! • Came from a shell fish called murex which gave a purple dye…. • Very expensive! • Became the chosen color of the rich and famous. • Kings wore this and it became known as royal purple

  9. Murex – snails used to produce a purple dye

  10. Byblos - Phoenician city

  11. Culture & Religion • They imitated the cultures of other people. • They patterned their govt. after the Egyptians & Babylonians. • They spread these cultures throughout the Mediterranean by trading… cultural diffusion! • Religion • Polytheistic • Didn’t believe in the afterlife • Sacrificed their children to their many gods

  12. Swastika Crosses on the dress of a Phoenician sun-princess carrying sacred Fire Polytheists who believed in angry gods called baals. They did not believe in an afterlife and used human sacrifice to appease their gods

  13. The Lydians Apadana - Persepolis

  14. Lydian empire in what is now Turkey

  15. Money The Lydians were the first people to use coined money to set prices when trading Before them traders had to use the barter system

  16. According to Herodotus the Greek Historian • After Cyrus the Great conquered Sardis the capital of Lydia, looting and pillaging began in the city • Croesus is believed to have commented to Cyrus about what the troops were doing • Cyrus replied that they were looting Croesus’ city • Croesus responded that the city was no longer his and they were looting Cyrus’ city

  17. As the story goes, Cyrus had Croesus placed on a pyre to burn him alive Cyrus then regretted his act before it was too late He had the pyre extinguished and later made Croesus his adviser