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Phoenicians. World History I Heritage High School Mr. Irwin. Objective:. To understand who the Phoenicians were and why they were significant. Who were the Phoenicians?. Lived in the area now know as Lebanon Group of city-states Never united into one country First city-states: Byblos

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phoenicians

Phoenicians

World History I

Heritage High School

Mr. Irwin

objective

Objective:

To understand who the Phoenicians were and why they were significant.

who were the phoenicians
Who were the Phoenicians?
  • Lived in the area now know as Lebanon
  • Group of city-states
    • Never united into one country
    • First city-states:
      • Byblos
      • Tyre
      • Sidon
  • Very wealthy
sea travel
Sea Travel
  • Traders
  • Sailed around Mediterranean Sea
  • Established colonies
  • Known shipbuilding
    • Made the best ships at the time
    • Some evidence shows that the Phoenicians might have sailed all the way around Africa and back
      • No one else will do for another 2,000 years
colonies
Colonies
  • Had faraway settlements
  • Established colonies throughout the Mediterranean
    • Faraway cities used for trade
    • Most famous Phoenician colony was Carthage
traders
Traders
  • Traded the goods they got from other lands, as well as items which they produced
  • Traded their items
    • Created crafts
    • Made out of wood, glass, ivory, and metal
  • Most famous item produced by Phoenicians was purple dye
    • Made from special type of snail that lived in the sea near Phoenicia
    • Very expensive and became known as the “royal” color
purple dye
Purple Dye
  • Extremely expensive purple dye used in cloth/clothing
  • Only could be afforded and worn by kings – royal purple
  • Why?
    • 60,000 snails to make 1 pound of dye
    • One snail (left to rot) produced only one or two drops of deep purple liquid
achievement
Achievement
  • Most important contribution of the Phoenicians was the first alphabet
    • 22 letters
    • Symbols to represent sounds
    • Adopted by Greeks and eventually – us!
    • Simplified writing
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