Using Children’s Literature to Enhance Your Science Curriculum Integrating Science and Literature 15 slides-Compiled 04/18/04 by. Dr. Marjorie Anne Wallace, Elementary Science Resource Teacher, 2004
National Science Education Standards: As a result of activities in grades K-4, students should develop the abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry and to understand the process of inquiry. Benchmarks for Science Literacy: Student goals relating to understanding the scientific world view and the process of scientific inquiry Science Education Standards
Why LinkScience with Literacy? • Time • Think Critically with Text • Science vocabulary development • Encourages purposeful use of Language, Writing extensions • Enriches formal & informal discourse • Read, Write, and Think like actual scientist. • Familiarity with reading and writing • Compliment and Enrich
Books with science content • Textbooks • Trade book • Non-fiction • Big books • Biographies • Fiction • Poetry
Effective Strategies: Promote Strategic & Independent Readers • What Good Readers Do before, after, and during= • Look through the book and think about what they see. • Ask questions about what they are reading • Check to make sure they know what they read by retelling the events.
Effective Strategies • What Good Readers Do when their reading breaks down: • Look at the Pictures • Say the beginning sound(s) • Stretch the Word Out • Skip the word, read to the end of the sentence • Go back and read again fixing reading • Ask for Help!
Why Use Trade Books and Nonfiction to Support Science? • Builds On Prior Knowledge • Attracts children & meets their interests • Provides authentic opportunities to Read & Write • Brings science down to their level • Provides opportunity for Read Alouds, Guided Reading, Shared reading, and Independent reading.
Setting the Stage • Discuss what scientist and writers have in common: • Solve problems • Read, study, & write • Come up with questions that Inspire and Investigate them • Keep notes & Journals • Use their senses • Think Science Science Literature Literature Arts Arts
Advantages of Integration: • Maximize use of time • Engage in purposeful reading, in groups / independent read • Opportunity to practice reading, language, and oral communication • Link science content with literacy standards • Enhance critical reading & research • Form strategies that inform comprehending & communicating the book • Multiliteracies / genre.
How to start! (smile) • Science Trade books! • 4-5 books on same topic/ different authors • Read then share info • Big Books • Read Aloud/Stop/Talk • Write, draw pics, design models, flip books,activities… • Graphic organizers,Cornell notes, marginalia • Get rid of inaccurate books-They confuse children! • Lots of reading,discussing, summarizing,& writing!
Where can I find good books? • Your Language Arts & science district supervisors • Children’s Book Council-March annual “Outstanding Trade Books in Science” • Society of Children’s Book Writers & Illustrators www.scbwi.org • School librarians-excellent source • Set up your own in-house reading group