The main goal of the sixth grade science curriculum is to prepare students for their seventh and eighth grade science classes. • Students will cover units on cells, physical science, earth science, and technology and the nature of science. • Standard 1: Unifying Concepts • Asks students to create a model of a system, and identify systems that are composed of subsystems. • Students will create a model of a solar system. • Also asks students to explain the connection between cause and effect in a system. Students will learn about this in their unit on physical science. • Standard 2: Science Inquiry • Students will complete two different projects to fulfill this standard. • Written report • Science fair project
Standard 3: Physical Science • Various units will be completed in relation to physical science: • Properties of matter • Force • Forms and sources of energy • Vibrations/wavelengths • Standard 4: Life Science • Units on life science will include: • Differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells • Identification of single and multi-celled organisms • Differences between, and advantages of asexual versus sexual reproduction • The importance of reproduction for the continuation of a species • Standard 5: Earth and Space Science • Units on earth and space science will include: • Weather • Rocks • Layers of the Earth • Basic characteristics of the solar system
Standard 6: Science and Technology • This unit asks for students to learn about the nature of science. Students will complete a group project designed to create a solution to a current environmental problem. • Students will learn about the relationship between science and technology, and how technology has evolved. • Standard 6: Science and Technology • This unit asks for students to learn about the nature of science. Students will complete a group project designed to create a solution to a current environmental problem. • Students will learn about the relationship between science and technology, and how technology has evolved. • Standard 6: Science and Technology • This unit asks for students to learn about the nature of science. Students will complete a group project designed to create a solution to a current environmental problem. • Students will learn about the relationship between science and technology, and how technology has evolved.
7th Grade Life Science • First experience in a science content course. • Students will cover units on: • Unit 1: Cells • Unit 2: Taxonomy • Unit 3: Ecosystems • Unit 4: Environmental Science • Unit 5: Science and Technology
Unit 1: Cells • Types • Structure and Function • Students will explain the role of a cell. • 7.4.1. Explain the functions of the cell • Replication • Students will explain models having to do will cell replication. • 7.1.1. Explain how models can be used to illustrate scientific principle • Basic Unit of living Organisms • Students will identify all significant components of a system. • 7.1.2. Identify the components within a system • 7.4.2. Identify levels of organization in living systems
Unit 2: Taxonomy • Classifying Organisms • Students will classify organisms based upon mode of reproduction. • 7.4.3. Identify the characteristics of reproduction • Students will classify organisms based upon the taxonomical hierarchy • 7.4.5. Classify organisms • Diversity among Organisms
Unit 3: Ecosystems • Students will give a presentation on a specific ecosystem. • 7.2.1. Communicate the results of scientific investigations using an appropriate format • 7.8.2. Explain the importance of keeping clear and accurate records of scientific investigations • Energy Flow through an Ecosystem • Students will explain how energy flows through an ecosystem. • 7.3.1. Explain how forms of energy can be transferred • Interactions between Organisms • Students will identify predator/prey relationships • Students will explain the importance of competition • Students will identify the different interactions between species • 7.4.4. Identify interactions among organisms and their environment
Unit 3: Ecosystems (cont’d) • Adaptations • Students will relate feedback mechanisms to specific adaptations to an environment. • 7.1.3. Identify examples of feedback mechanisms • Students will identify specific adaptations that organisms have which allow them to live in their environment. • 7.1.4. Identify the relationship between form and function • 7.4.6. Explain how different adaptations help organisms survive • Students will explain how organisms have adapted to the changing seasons • 7.5.2. Explain how seasons affect organisms • Environment • Students will explain the factors which lead to different ecosystems. • 7.5.1. Identify the factors that affect the Earth’s climate
Unit 4: Environmental Science • Resources • Students can differentiate between renewable and nonrenewable resources • 7.5.3. Identify the Earth’s renewable and nonrenewable resources • Overpopulation • Students will identify problems associated with overpopulation • 7.7.3. Explain how overpopulation affects organisms, resources, and environments
Unit 5: Science and Technology • Influences of and on Science • Students will explain how individuals have advanced science and technology. • 7.8.1 Explain how science is influenced by human qualities • Students will identify bias for or against new technology. • 7.6.2. Identify technologies that are influenced by societies • 7.6.1. Identify ways in which technology has influenced the course of history and improved the quality of life • Science’s Impact • Students will pros and cons of the advancement of technology. • 7.6.3. Identify intended benefits and unintended consequences that result from the development and use of technologies • 7.7.4. Explain the impact of science on food technology • Students will identify technological advances in science and medicine. • 7.7.2. Identify the factors that may result in disease
8th Grade Semester 1: Earth Science Semester 2: Physics/ Chemsirty
8th Grade Earth Science • Units Covered • Geological Processes • Characteristics of the Earth; Weather, Seasons, and Climate • Natural Selection and Biological Evolution • Solar System
Geological Processes • Understand rock cycle • Explain how landforms are formed and changed • Identify evidence for plate tectonic theory
Characteristics of the Earth; Weather, Seasons, and Climate • Explain how phenomena on earth are related to position and motion of sun, moon, and earth. (Seasons, tides) • Explain how factors affect weather. • Explain the water cycle.
Natural Selection and Biological Evolution - Identify evidence of biological evolution as found in the fossil record.
Solar System • Identify characteristics of stars. • Identify the composition and scale of the universe.
8th Grade Physics, Chemistry, and Solar Systems • Units to be Covered: • Properties of Matter • Force and Motion • Energy Transfer and Transformation; Vibrations and Waves
Properties of Matter • Identify elements and compounds. • Explain relationships between phases of matter and temperature.
Force and Motion • Interpret effect of balanced and unbalanced forces of motion of an object. • Explain gravitational force
Energy Transfer and Transformation;Vibrations and Waves • Identify when heat can be transformed by conduction, convection, and radiation. • Explain the characteristic properties and behaviors of waves.
Earth Science Grade 9
Earth Science • UNITS: • Earth History • Matter, Atoms, and Elements • The Universe • Geologic Processes, Human Activities, and Environment
Earth History • Relative Age • 9-10.5.2: Relate the changes in the earth’s atmosphere to the evolution of photosynthetic life forms • Earthquakes and Volcanoes • 9-10.5.4: Analyze the past evidence of natural hazards and geologic events to predict future hazards and events. • Radioactive Decay, Isotopes and Half Life • 8.5.6: Understand the changes Earth has undergone over geologic time
Matter, Atoms, and Elements • Matter • 9-10.3.2: Classify changes in matter as physical or chemical • 9-10.3.3: Recognize the Law of Conservation of Matter in physical and chemical changes • Atoms • 9-10.3.4: Construct a model of an atom • Elements • 9-10.3.1: Classify elements according to similar properties
The Universe • Big Bang Theory • 9-10.5.1: Compare and contrast the most widely accepted scientific theories explaining the origin and evolution of the universe • 11-12.5.1: Explain how the Sun and other stars are powered by nuclear reactions
Geologic Processes, Human Interaction, and Environment • Rock Cycle • 8.5.1: Understand the rock cycle • Water Cycle • 8.5.2: Understand the water cycle • Plate Tectonics, Sea-floor Spreading, Continental Drift • 9-10.5.3: Know the short-term and long-term effects of physical processes • Weather • 8.5.7: Understand the factors
Biology Grade 10
Biology • Standard 4: Students understand the basic concepts and principles of life science. • 11-12.4.1: Explain the importance of cell differentiation in the development of tissues, organs, organ systems, and multi-cellular organisms • Standard 7: Students understand relations between science and personal, social, and environmental issues. • 11-12.7.4: Explain how science and technology can influence personal, industrial, and cultural decisions
Biology: Units • Biology in the World • Chemistry of Life • Cell Structure • Cell Function • Cell Reproduction • Sexual Reproduction • Genetics • DNA • Genetic Engineering
Biology:Essential Questions • Identify the structures in the cell model and explain their roles. • What are the steps in mitosis and meiosis? What happens during each step? • How might clinging affect society in the future, or will it have an effect? Explain your reasoning.
Chemistry Grade 11
Chemistry • Standard 1: Students understand the unifying concepts and processes of science. • 11-12.1.5: Explain how classification can be based on the relationship between form and function • Standard 2: Students use the process of science inquiry. • 11-12.2.2: Select and use appropriate instruments, measuring tools, and units of measure to improve scientific investigations.
Chemistry: Units • Measurements and Calculations • Matter • Periodic Table • Naming Compounds • Bonding • Chemical Reactions • Acids and Bases • Redox Reactions • Stoichiometry • Equilibrium
Chemistry: Essential Questions • Explain the role of electrons in covalent and ionic bonding. Compare and contrast the two. • What is the law of conservation of energy? Give an example. • What can you determine about an element simply by its placement on the periodic table?
Physics Grade 12
PHYSICS • UNITS: • Habits of Mind • Kinematics • Forces and Newton’s Laws • Energy • Electricity and Magnetism • Waves
Habits of Mind • Inquiry • 11-12.2.1: Use appropriate safety equipment and precautions during investigations • 11-12.2.2’ Select and use appropriate instruments, measuring tools, and units of measure to improve scientific investigations • Gathering and Analyzing Data • 11-12.2.3: Use data from scientific investigations in order to accept or reject a hypothesis • 11-12.2.4: Formulate and revise explanations based upon scientific knowledge and experimental data • 11-12.2.5: Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications • 11-12.2.6: Analyze data using appropriate strategies
Kinematics • Acceleration • 11-12:3.8: Understand the principle and relationships influencing forces and motion • Velocity • 11-12.3.8: Understand the principle and relationships influencing forces and motion
Forces and Newton’s Laws • Force and Momentum • 11-12.3.8: Understand the principle and relationships influencing forces and motion • Gravitation • 11-12.3.8: Understand the principle and relationships influencing forces and motion • Inertia • 11-12.3.8: Understand the principle and relationships influencing forces and motion
Energy • Thermodynamics • 11-12.3.12: Understand the relationships between thermal energy, temperature, and the motion of particles • Redistribution of energy in a system • 11-12.3.13: Apply the law of conservation of energy to a variety of situations • 11-12.3.14: Understand how energy is related to physical changes of matter
Electricity and Magnetism • Electrostatics • 11-12.3.10: Know how magnetic forces relate to electric forces • Potential Difference • 11-12.3.10: Know how magnetic forces relate to electric forces • Current • 11-12.3.11: Distinguish between alternating current and direct current and their uses
Waves • Wave Properties • 11-12.3.9: Relate wave energy to wavelength and frequency • Wave Behavior • 11-12.3.9: Relate wave energy to wavelength and frequency
Anatomy • UNITS: • Organization of Human Body • Cells and Tissues • Body Systems in Health and Disease
Organization of Human Body • Structure and Function • 11-12.4.1: Explain the importance of cell differentiation in the development of multicellular organisms
Cells and Tissues • Cells Function • 9-10.4.1: Relate cell function to cell structure • 9-10.4.2: Relate the functions of cells in multicellular organisms to their cell type • 9-10.4.3: Know the relationship between protein structure and function
Body Systems in Health and Disease • Personal Health • 9-10.7.1: Understand how personal health is related to fitness, substance abuse, sexual activity, and nutrition • Reproduction • 9-10.4.4: Understand how DNA, genes, and chromosomes are related • 9-10.4.6: Know how mitosis and meiosis differ