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10.2

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  1. 10.2 Self-Rule

  2. British Colonies Want Self-Rule • Dominion: self-governing but still part of British Empire • Canada wants self-rule to protect itself from U.S. expanson • Australia founded as penal colony • Eases overcrowding in prisons • When released, prisoners can buy land • Cheap land sold to encourage settlement • British recognize land rights of Maori in New Zealand • Natives excluded from democracy

  3. British Colonies Want Self-Rule • Irish want home-rule: local control over internal matters • Irish depend on potatoes to live • Many Irish use potatoes as sole food source • Disease kills almost all potato crop • Leads to immigration • Irish Republican Army (IRA) formed to attack British officials • 1921 southern Ireland gains home-rule • Northern Ireland remains a part of Britain