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What to look for at the scene of an accident!. There are 4 things… you need to do. #1 ENVIRIONMENTAL DANGERS. #2 NEVER PUT YOURSELF AT RISK. # 3 ASSESS THE INJURED PERSON. #4 CALL 911 GIVE THE APPROPRIATE INFORMATION. GIVING CARE WHAT DO YOU DO?. #1 MONITOR THE PERSONS’ CONDITION. Airway

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what to look for at the scene of an accident

What to look for at the scene of an accident!

There are 4 things…

you need to do

1 monitor the persons condition

#1 MONITOR THE PERSONS’ CONDITION

Airway

BREATHING

CONSCIOUSNESS

when do you call 911
When do you call 911?

UnconsciousTrouble breathingSeizuresSeverely bleedingChest painsFire or ExplosionFloodPoisonous gas presentVehicle collision

6 life threatening situations
6 LIFE THREATENING SITUATIONS

HEART ATTACK

RESPIRATORY

STROKE

SEVERE BLEEDING

POISIONING

SHOCK

heart attack facts
HEART ATTACK FACTS

SIGNS

1. CHEST PAIN

2. PAIN IN LEFT ARM

3. NAUSEA/heart burn

4 sweating 5 dizzy

CARE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jBacoBOZXlQ

  • REST IN COMFORTABLE POSITION
  • CALL 911
  • MONITOR PERSON B.C.
cpr cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPRCARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION

100 /min

  • 2breaths - 30comp
  • STERNUM
  • 1 ½ - 2 inches
slide15
CPR
  • Infant chest compresssions

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fbCrPxZB4a4

Adult chest compressions

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4W9gcL71TJ4

when do you stop cpr
When do you STOP CPR?
  • When you are too tired.
  • When they Start Breathing.
  • When help arrives
what is an aed automatic external defibrillator
What is an AED?Automatic External Defibrillator
  • It is used to restart the heart.
  • The best option…
  • It checks the pulse. If pulse is found it will not allow you to shock the person.
choking

Choking?

1. Understand the universal sign for choking.

2. Heimlich maneuver

3. What do you do for a child/pregnant person/obese person

4. What do you do for a person who is unconscious?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F1WY_LR-cTc

what is a stroke

What is a stroke?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCNTMIcOMpE

F.A.S.T. TEST

It is when blood vessels in the brain ruptures or breaks or when blood clots form and block the blood flow.

what are the signs of a stroke
What are the signs of a STROKE?
  • Paralysis on one side
  • Dizziness
  • Slurred speech
  • Mental confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
what to do for a person that has had a stroke
What to do for a person that has had a STROKE?
  • Place them on one side or back.
  • Monitor the person B.C.
  • # 911
  • Cover with a blanket
severe bleeding hemorrhaging
SEVERE BLEEDING (Hemorrhaging)

#1 APPLY PRESSURE (with a clean bandage)

If bandage becomes soaked, DON’T remove it but place a new one on top.

#2 ELEVATE (above the heart)

#3 PRESSURE POINT

#4 #911

internal bleeding
INTERNAL BLEEDING
  • OFTEN GOES UNNOTICED.
    • STOMACH ULCER
    • INJURY……..

SIGNS INCLUDE

    • PAIN
    • SHOCK
    • PULSE RAPID OR WEAK
    • PALE
    • VOMITING
shock
SHOCK
  • OFTEN COMES AFTER AN INJURY OR ILLNESS HAS OCCURRED.
  • DEFINITION: A condition in which the heart fails to circulate blood adequately to the vital organs

Signs:

Pale skin

Restlessness

Thirst

Rapid/weak Heart Beat

Sweating

Cool clammy skin

Breathing = small fast gasps

May become unresponsive

CARE?

Give care…B.C.

Call 911

3 types of poisioning
3 TYPES OF POISIONING
  • 1 ORAL
  • 2 INHALATION
  • 3 CONTACT
  • What do you do?

1. Find out what they were poisoned with.

2. Call 911

3. Monitor the Persons Breathing and Consciousness

f r a c t r u r e s
FRACTRURES

2 TYPES OF FRACTURS

CLOSED-simple

OPEN-compound

  • SNAP, CRACKLE, POP
  • Deformity, swelling, discoloration, gridding sound, can’t move
what to do for a f r a c t u r e
What to do for a F RACTURE

IF IT IS OPEN/CLOSED=

STOP BLEEDING

DON’T PUT THE BONE BACK IN

IMMOBILIZE – SPLINT

MEDICAL HELP

ASPLINT IS ANY RIGID MATERIAL USED TO KEEP THE BODY FROM MOVING

sprain vs strain
SPRAIN VS STRAIN

SPRAIN

STRAIN

  • Ligaments or tendons around aJOINT are torn or stretched.
  • Example: roll your ankle
  • Overstretching a MUSCLEor tendon.
  • Example: Most common is the back…from lifting incorrectly
how do you treat a sprain and strain
How do you treat a sprain and strain?

SPRAIN

STRAIN

  • ICE
  • ELEVATION
  • DON’T WALK ON OR USE
  • AS A FRACTURE
  • REST
  • ICE
  • MEDICAL HELP IF PAIN PRESISIT
dislocations a separation of the bone from a joint
Dislocations?A separation of the bone from a joint.

Signs: deformity, pain, loss of function

CARE:

Don’t Set It

Immobilize (treat as a fracture)

Seek medical help

3 types of burns
3 types of Burns

1st Degree = Sunburn/stove

Outer Layer of the Skin is Red and Painful

2nd Degree = Blisters

Extends through out layer and is the most painful

3rd Degree = Gray or Charred

All the Layers of the skin is damaged. Most severe, NO PAIN

1 st degree treatment
1st Degree treatment
  • APPLY COOL WATER
  • CLEAN DRESSING
  • ALOE HEALS
2 nd degree treatment
2ND Degree treatment
  • STOP THE BURNING
  • COOL WITH WATER
  • CLEAN DRESSING
  • DON’T BREAK BLISTERS
  • MEDICAL HELP MAY BE NECESSARY
3 rd degree treatment
3RD DEGREE TREATMENT
  • STOP THE BURNING
  • DO NOT REMOVE THE BURNED CLOTHING
          • 911
  • MONITOR THE PERSON
chemical burns
CHEMICAL BURNS
  • CARE
    • REMOVE THE CLOTHING
    • FLUSH THE SKIN (15 MINUTES)
    • CALL 911 OR Dr. ON HOW TO TREAT
    • If the Chemical is in the eye FLUSH immediately.

The eye that has the chemical is down.

electrical shock
ELECTRICAL SHOCK
  • DO NOT TOUCH THE PERSON
  • TURN OFF THE MAIN POWER SUPPLY
  • MONITOR THE PERSON
    • CPR – COVER BURNED AREAS
  • May have to call 911
nose bleeds http www youtube com watch v pryh8vj5qts
NOSE BLEEDShttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PrYh8vj5QTs

Pinch the nose at the bridge.

Lean forward.

Ice or cool cloth

Hospital if it does not

Stop…

1 keep them lying down
1. KEEP THEM LYING DOWN
  • FAINTING?

TEMPORARY LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS DUE TO A LACK OF BLOOD TO THE BRAIN.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9lR6Z4gzwQ

2. DON’T RECOVER IN 5 MIN. CALL 911

3. MONITOR B.C.

convulsions seizure http www youtube com watch v 0dir6r8leea
CONVULSIONS/seizurehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dIr6R8leEACONVULSIONS/seizurehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dIr6R8leEA
  • Alternating periods of severe muscular contractions and relaxation

CARE?

  • Protect the victim
  • Call 911
  • Don’t put anything in their mouth
  • If they remain unconscious after they are done…have them lay on one side/back.
objects in the eye
Objects in the EYE?
  • Irritants?

Don’t rub, lift upper eye lid over to allow the eye lashes to brush away. tears

Pollen?

Antihistamine eye drops

Objects like sticks?

Don’t pull out…cover both eyes, seek med help

head injury
Head injury?
  • Most cuts to the head bleed a lot?

Why? Many blood vessels!

CARE?

No sign of spinal injury, elevate other wise leave flat on back.

Apply pressure and get med help

snake bites
Snake bites
  • Keep calm and lying still
  • Keep below the heart
  • Wash with soap and water
  • Med help
insect bee stings
Insect/bee stings
  • Scrape the sting
  • Baking soda
  • Mud
  • Ice
  • Watch for allergic reaction
animal bites
Animal bites
  • Major concern is bleeding and infection
  • What 2 shot will you need?

Tetanus shot and rabies

  • Control bleeding
  • Wash with soap and water
  • Cover the wound
  • Seek med help
drowning
Drowning
  • How many die each year?
  • 5000
  • Throw before you go or reach with a object.
  • Tubs are bad places…2 inches
  • CPR if necessary call 911
poision
POISION
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4o6D10AkMg
heat and cold related issues
Heat and cold related issues
  • Check out the video
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-fsNE43Mg0