Order of Malta Ambulance Corps Foundational Level First Aid - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Order of Malta Ambulance Corps Foundational Level First Aid

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Order of Malta Ambulance Corps Foundational Level First Aid

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  1. Order of Malta Ambulance Corps Foundational Level First Aid Welcome Casualty Assessment & Accident Scene Management ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  2. Aim The overall aim of this session is to introduce the student to Emergency First Aid Skills for use in their daily lives. Emphasis will be placed on practising Emergency First Aid Skills required to deal with emergency situations. In this introductory session emphasis will be placed upon Casualty Assessment and Accident Scene Management ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  3. Objectives At the end of this session the student will be able to: • Explain the importance of Accident Scene Management and Casualty Assessment • Explain the importance of a provisional diagnosis and seeking further assistance • Competently apply to a casualty the large and elevation arm slings, with reef knots ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  4. In 2005/06 a total of 134 people died on NI roads. There were 5098 injury collisions. 1115 people were seriously injured & 7128 slightly injured. In 2005/06 8377 people injured on NI roads as a result of an accident. In 2004/05 this figure was 8746. In 2003/04 this was 10,422. Did You Know? ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  5. In 2004/05 a total of 2.0 million people were suffering from an illness or injury they believed was caused or made worse by their work. A total of 576,000 occurred in 2005. 363,000 people were reported injured at work 220 Workers were killed in 2004/05 361 members of the public in the work place were fatally injured also. 150,559 other injuries occurred at work. Did You Know? ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  6. First Aid First Aidis the skilled application of accepted principles of treatment on the occurrence of an accident or illness using facilities or materials available at the time. ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  7. Medical Aid Medical aid is aid given by a doctor or under the supervision of a doctor. Note first aid is not a substitute for Medical Aid, nor for the need for further help. Remember a little done well will always be better than a whole lot done wrong ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  8. Principles of First Aid • Preserve life • Promote recovery • Prevent deterioration ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  9. Responsibilities of A First Aider ASSESS THE SITUATION. Look at the whole scene before getting involved in it. MAKE THE AREA SAFE. Remove/Eliminate Dangers if possible. TREAT ALL CASUALTIES. Assess each casualty and treat as required. GET HELP. Remove the casualty to hospital if necessary ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  10. The Primary Survey • Danger • Response • Airway • Breathing • Circulation ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  11. The Primary Survey for Trauma Victim • Danger • Response • Airway • Cervical Spine • Breathing • Circulation ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  12. Diagnosis In order to make a diagnosis the first aider requires three pieces of vital information. • History Ask what happened, ask casualty if you can and bystanders • Signs What can you see, hear, smell or feel • Symptoms, What does the casualty feel ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  13. Action at an Emergency Approach Dangers Take Care Assess the Situation Scene Safety Self Safety Assess the Casualties Emergency Aid Get Help ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  14. Information for Ambulance Control • Your telephone number • Exact location of accident, report any dangers that may be evident at the scene and give directions if necessary • Indication of type and seriousness of incident • The number, gender and approximate ages of the casualty or casualties ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps

  15. Patient Report rName and Address rTime Of Incident rLocation of Incident rHistory rInjury Description rVital Signs ØLevel of Response ØPulse ØBreathing rDiagnosis of Injury rTreatment Given rDisposal ©Order of Malta Ambulance Corps