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Pearl Harbor and Japanese Internment Day 1 Notes. Key Questions…. Why was Pearl Harbor bombed? What happened to Japanese-Americans during WWII? Is it ever ok for individual freedoms to be given up for national security ?. December 7, 1941 .

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key questions
Key Questions…
  • Why was Pearl Harbor bombed?
  • What happened to Japanese-Americans during WWII?
  • Is it ever ok for individual freedoms to be given up for national security?
december 7 1941
December 7, 1941
attack on pearl harbor
Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • December 7, 1941: “A date which will live in infamy”
    • Japanese planes killed 2,000 Americans
  • Roosevelt asks Congress to declare war on Japan the next day.
  • Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.
why did the japanese attack
Why did the Japanese attack…
  • They thought war was unavoidable with the U.S.
    • The U.S. had set up bases in Hawaii and the Philippines (closer to Japan).
    • The U.S. had cut off exports of oil to Japan, hurting their economy.
    • Both acts the Japanese saw as threats.
discrimination against japanese
Discrimination Against Japanese
  • On the West Coast, Americans turn their anger towards Japanese-Americans
    • Mobs attack homes, banks don’t cash checks, grocers refuse them food.
  • Rumors of Japanese spies increases
    • Political leaders in cities demand Japanese Americans be removed entirely.
japanese relocation
Japanese Relocation
  • President Roosevelt lets Henry Stimson (Secretary of War) move the Japanese to internment camps.
    • 120,000 people to 10 camps.
    • They live in cramped, barbed wired camps.
  • No Japanese Americans were ever tried for espionage (spying).
  • Some even served in the U.S. military as soldiers or translators.
first hand account
First Hand Account
  • We saw all these people behind the fence, looking out, hanging onto the wire, and looking out because they were anxious to know who was coming in. But I will never forget the shocking feeling that human beings were behind this fence like animals [crying]. And we were going to also lose our freedom and walk inside of that gate and find ourselves…cooped up there…when the gates were shut, we knew that we had lost something that was very precious; that we were no longer free."
  • Mary Tsukamoto
  • After WWII, the Japanese American Citizens League tried to help Japanese Americans who had lost everything during relocation.
  • In 1988 President Ronald Reagan signs a bill that gives $20,000 to each surviving Japanese American who had been in a camp.
as we watch the movie
As we watch the movie…
  • Think about Pearl Harbor’s impact on the overall war, and how the images of it might have affected the image towards all Japanese.