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Money or Ideas? A Field Experiment on Constraints to Entrepreneurship in Rural Pakistan. By Xavier Gine and Ghazala Mansuri Comments by Elena Bardasi , March 30, 2011. Policy questions. Is the intervention worth replicating/scaling-up? Does the intervention have an impact?

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money or ideas a field experiment on constraints to entrepreneurship in rural pakistan

Money or Ideas? A Field Experiment on Constraints to Entrepreneurship in Rural Pakistan

By Xavier Gine and GhazalaMansuri

Comments by Elena Bardasi,

March 30, 2011

policy questions
Policy questions

Is the intervention worth replicating/scaling-up?

  • Does the intervention have an impact?
  • What explains the impact (or lack of impact)?
    • Selection issues – targeting
    • Implementation issues
    • Sources of the impact
  • Cost effectiveness
randomization selection and targeting
Randomization, selection, and targeting

Treatment and control equally made of:

½ COs male

(a) 747 COs  randomization

½ COs female

ORIENTATION SESSION 61% of individuals (a) / 90% of businesses

for 55% eligible for loans (2284) (4162 / 2532)

Special meeting to conduct (b)BASELINE SURVEY

Randomization?

definition of the treatment and implementation issues
Definition of the ‘treatment’ and implementation issues
  • Does same treatment imply same implementation modalities?
    • Is a pair of male and female trainers the same treatment for men and women?
    • Do different sectors require the same business training?
  • What is training?
sources of the impacts
Sources of the impacts
  • Exploring heterogeneity
  • What is the effect of the combination of business training and education?
  • Interaction with agricultural activities (50% of men have a agribusiness vs. only 20% of women)
gender effects
Gender effects
  • Gender dimensions:
    • Household level analysis. To what extent do women actually manage their loans? (What do their husband do? Do they have enterprises?)
    • Do women need “more intensive interventions”?
      • Lower opportunity costs
      • What do women need to increase their sales?