Digital Photography To write or draw with light
Digital camera • captures the photo with electronic imaging sensor Camera Parts Shutter Button LCD Screen Flash Camera Body Lens
iPhone: Camera Parts To quickly open Camera when iPhone is locked, swipe up. Camera Lens Flash
Exposure: • amount of light captured by the camera. • ISO: • measurement of a camera’s sensitivity to light. Exposure Triangle • Aperture: • small, circular opening inside the camera lens • controls amount of light reaching the sensor • Shutter Speed: • how long its shutter stays open as the picture is taken. Aperture + Shutter Speed + ISO = Exposure Triangle The aperture and shutter speed together control the total amount of light reaching the sensor.
Pixel – Short for Picture Element, a pixel is a single point in a graphic image Technical Terms Megapixel = 1 million pixels
Resolution =no. pixels in an image Technical Terms PPI – Pixels Per Inch Is it better to have more or less pixels?
1 DOCUMENTARY Photo Types Alfred Stieglitz, The Terminal, 1892 Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907
1 DOCUMENTARY Charles C. Ebbets, Lunch atop a Skyscraper, 1932
2 EXPRESSIVE • Communicating an emotion Patrick Farrell , Untitled Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother
2 EXPRESSIVE • William Klein, Gun #1
3 LANDSCAPE • the natural environment. AnselAdams, Tetons and the Snake River
3 LANDSCAPE • the natural environment. Eddie Soloway
4 ORGANIC SHAPE • shapes based on natural objects such as trees, mountains, leaves, etc… Eddie Soloway AnselAdams, Roots
5 ABSTRACT • emphasizes formal elements (line, shape, etc.) rather than specific, recognizable objects Eddie Soloway
6 PORTRAITURE • to capture the personality of the subject or group of subjects on film. Candid Posed
RULE OF THIRDS • Where the horizontal and vertical lines intersect makes an ideal location for the more important parts of your picture. • By locating your main subject at one of the four intersections you give the subject more emphasis than if it was right smack in the middle of the picture.
Visual Elements Composition • Line • Space • Texture • Repetition • Shape • Value • Color • Light • Balance • Contrast • Central Focus • Background • Angle (vantage Point) • Framing • Setting
Lighting • Ambient Light • natural light Joe McNally • Artificial Light • electrical light
Photo Tips Fill Flash Flash Off
Photo Tips Good ZOOM IN Better
Photo Tips FOCUS
Photo Tips DIRECTION
Photo Tips DISTRACTING BACKGROUD?