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Digital Photography

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  1. Digital Photography To write or draw with light

  2. Why do people take Photographs?

  3. Digital camera • captures the photo with electronic imaging sensor Camera Parts Shutter Button LCD Screen Flash Camera Body Lens

  4. iPhone: Camera Parts To quickly open Camera when iPhone is locked, swipe up. Camera Lens Flash

  5. Exposure: • amount of light captured by the camera. • ISO: • measurement of a camera’s sensitivity to light. Exposure Triangle • Aperture: • small, circular opening inside the camera lens • controls amount of light reaching the sensor • Shutter Speed: • how long its shutter stays open as the picture is taken. Aperture + Shutter Speed + ISO = Exposure Triangle The aperture and shutter speed together control the total amount of light reaching the sensor.

  6. Shutter & Aperture

  7. Pixel – Short for Picture Element, a pixel is a single point in a graphic image Technical Terms Megapixel = 1 million pixels

  8. Resolution =no. pixels in an image Technical Terms PPI – Pixels Per Inch Is it better to have more or less pixels?

  9. 1 DOCUMENTARY Photo Types Alfred Stieglitz, The Terminal, 1892 Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907

  10. 1 DOCUMENTARY Charles C. Ebbets, Lunch atop a Skyscraper, 1932

  11. 2 EXPRESSIVE • Communicating an emotion Patrick Farrell , Untitled Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother

  12. 2 EXPRESSIVE • William Klein, Gun #1

  13. 3 LANDSCAPE • the natural environment. AnselAdams, Tetons and the Snake River

  14. 3 LANDSCAPE • the natural environment. Eddie Soloway

  15. 4 ORGANIC SHAPE • shapes based on natural objects such as trees, mountains, leaves, etc… Eddie Soloway AnselAdams, Roots

  16. 5 ABSTRACT • emphasizes formal elements (line, shape, etc.) rather than specific, recognizable objects Eddie Soloway

  17. 6 PORTRAITURE • to capture the personality of the subject or group of subjects on film. Candid Posed

  18. RULE OF THIRDS • Where the horizontal and vertical lines intersect makes an ideal location for the more important parts of your picture.  • By locating your main subject at one of the four intersections you give the subject more emphasis than if it was right smack in the middle of the picture. 

  19. Visual Elements Composition • Line • Space • Texture • Repetition • Shape • Value • Color • Light • Balance • Contrast • Central Focus • Background • Angle (vantage Point) • Framing • Setting

  20. Lighting • Ambient Light • natural light Joe McNally • Artificial Light • electrical light

  21. Photo Tips Fill Flash Flash Off

  22. Photo Tips Good ZOOM IN Better

  23. Photo Tips FOCUS

  24. Photo Tips DIRECTION

  25. Photo Tips DISTRACTING BACKGROUD?

  26. WHICH IS THE BETTER PHOTO?