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SCOTTISH ENGLISH. ARABIA MARTÍNEZ SEGUÍ. INDEX. Background Grammar Vocabulary Phonetics Test. SCOTLAND. Scotland is part of United Kingdom The money used is called the sterling pound The population of Scotland is 4.996.000. GEOGRAPHY OF SCOTLAND. Edinburgh Glasgow Aberdeen.

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scottish english

SCOTTISH ENGLISH

ARABIA MARTÍNEZ SEGUÍ

index
INDEX
  • Background
  • Grammar
  • Vocabulary
  • Phonetics
  • Test
scotland
SCOTLAND
  • Scotland is part of United Kingdom
  • The money used is called the sterling pound
  • The population of Scotland is 4.996.000
geography of scotland
GEOGRAPHY OF SCOTLAND
  • Edinburgh
  • Glasgow
  • Aberdeen
language
LANGUAGE
  • Scottish English: varieties of English spoken in Scotland
    • Gaelic is an ancient language of Scotland
    • Most of the Gaelic speaking-people live in the north-west
language history
LANGUAGE HISTORY
  • Union of the Crowns (1603)
  • Union of the Parliaments (1707)
  • Steady decline of Scots begins in 16th century, by the end of the 17th century
  • English has gained considerable influence in Scotland
  • English learned formally in Highlands and northern and western
characteristics i
Characteristics I
  • Willinstead of shall .

Ex: Will I seeyouafter?

  • Passiveexpressedby “get”

Ex: I gottold off

  • Verbs of motionmaybeelidedbeforeadverbs of motion

Ex: I’llaway home then; thecatwantsout.

  • “Have” behave more likeanauxiliary

Ex: he’d a good time

characteristics ii
Characteristics II
  • “Needto”, “use to” and “dareto” are used as mainverbs.

Ex: he didn’tneedto do that; he doesn’tdaretotalk

  • Perfectaspect of a verbisindicatedusing “be” as auxiliarywiththepreposition “after”

Ex: “he is after going” instead of “ he had gone”

  • Someverbs are usedprogressively.

Ex: I washopingtoseehimortheyweremeaningto come

characteristics iii
Characteristics III
  • Pronouns in –selfmaybeused non- reflexively

Ex: How’syourselftoday?

  • Anybody, everybody, nobody, somebody are preferredtoanyone, everyone, no one, someone.
  • Amn’t I? isusedvirtuarllytotheexclusion of aren’t I?

Ex: I’mexpectedtoo, amn’t I?

characteristics iv
Characteristics IV
  • The use of “not” ratherthan “n’t”

Ex: he’llnot come; you’renotwanted.

  • The adverbial particlefollowstheverb

Ex: he turnedoutthe light

  • Use of participleafter “need”

Ex: My car needswashed

scoteng words used in scotland
ScotEng words used in Scotland
  • Dinnae= Don’t
  • Aye= yes
  • Brae= hill
  • Wee = small
  • To mind= to remember
  • Dram= drink
  • Gate= road
  • Nippin’ = nagging
  • Paddock = frog
  • Canny = careful
  • Kirk= church
  • Kilt = Scottish Skirt
  • Lassies = girls
idioms
Idioms
  • How are youkeeping ? = how are you?
  • That’s me away = I’mgoingnow
  • The back of nine o’ clock = soonafternine o’ clock
  • I’vegotthecold = a cold
phonetic characteristics

PHONETIC CHARACTERISTICS

Vowels and consonants

characteristics i1
Characteristics I
  • Strongly rhotic (trilled alveolar /r/ or alveolar tap /R /)
  • Monophthongized diphthongs:
    • RP/əU / as /o/ (“go” /go/);
    • RP /εI/ as /e/ (“play” /ple/);
    • RP /aU/ as /u:/ (“house” /hu:s/)
  • Unstressed vowels often realized as /I/ where RP has /ə/
    • “pilot” as /pʌilIt/,“letter” as /lEtIr/
characteristics ii1
Characteristics II
  • /u:/ and /U /, e.g. “pool” and “pull” are homophones
  • /ɔ/ and /ɒ/ merged to /ɔ/ such that “cot” and “caught” are homophones
characteristics iii1
Characteristics III
  • /I / and /ʌ/ are always short
  • RP diphthong /AI / becomes longer. e.g., in “tied”, “high”, “prize”.
  • Non-initial /t/ often replaced by /ʔ / (“butter” /bʌʔIr/) , use decreases in higher social classes
slide21
Test
  • Which is the second largest city of Scotland?
    • Aberdeen
    • Glasgow
    • Edinburgh 
  • When did the Union of the Parliaments happen?
    • 1607
    • 1807
    • 1707
  • Which is a national symbol of Scotland?
    • Sunflower
    • Thistle
    • Rose
slide22
Test
  • In Scottish English, “have” could be….
    • A modal
    • An auxiliar
    • Both of them
  • Perfect aspect of a verb is indicated using “be” as auxiliary with the preposition…
    • Before
    • After
    • At
slide23
Test
  • What does “wee” mean?
    • Small
    • Big
    • Cold
  • What does “kilt” mean?
    • Church
    • Scottish skirt
    • Trousers
  • In Scottish English, which are homophones?
    • /u:/ and /U/
    • /U/ and /I/
    • /U/ and /A/
slide24
Test
  • /I / and /ʌ/ are always…
    • Homophones
    • Long
    • Short
  • When does Scottish use glottal stop?
    • Consonant “t”
    • Consonant “d”
    • Consonant “k”
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